Government in Afghanistan

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Government in Afghanistan Is the Afghan government powerful enough to prevent the corrupt patronage networks and keep the promise of providing security for the nation? The years of fighting and misery has proved this governmental system to be weak, and as a result caused distress to the nation. The unexpected shift from a monarchy to a Republic began a series of changes that the country had to undertake. Through the course of a century, Afghanistan faced difficulties which once were promised to be taken care of, however, none of the new coming governments demonstrated a trustworthy system of power that would provide the means of normal day living. Afghanistan is an Islamic Republic. Its constitution divides the government into three separate branches, with an executive branch being the strongest. The other two branches, legislative and judicial, could be overrun by the Grand Council, also called Loya Jirga. All three branches are extremely important to the Afghan government, but the power between them is not distributed equally. In order to convene under certain situations, the constitution calls for Loya Jirga, whose decisions and endorsements are binding (Afghanistan Online). Loya Jirga is the highest manifestation of the people of Afghanistan. This council is a centuries-old Afghan tradition that contributes into making the government more permanent and stable. This tradition represents the gathering of male representatives from different tribes and factions in Afghanistan- a combination of the wisest, most respected local citizens, and the most powerful or well-connected. The Grand Council deprives from the ancient idea of self governance (ABC news International). It is called together very rarely, unless there is a speci... ... middle of paper ... ...This new constitution strengthened the power of the executive branch and allowed other parties to participate in government. The withdrawal of the Soviets caused the creation of Islamic-oriented Constitution in 1990, and soon the proclamation of Islamic State (Jurist Legal Intelligence). The last movement that displaced the government was held by the group called “Taliban”, also referred to as “students of Islam”. With the help of U.S. forces this menacing movement was exterminated, which resulted in the losing their totalitarian group on the area of Kabul to southeastern Afghanistan. One would think that evolution and renovation would be the chief characteristics present in a country drowned by political turmoil. However, the Afghan government’s impotency shattered the nation’s optimistic beliefs and created an environment represented by bitterness and despair.
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