They are not so motivated by self-serving but actually negative emotions, such as prejudice, greed and fear, and thus can see the great advantages to a society of justice for all The basic duty of the government is to protect the common good and private rights of individuals. They consider the governments duty to help protect the individual and human rights. They emphasize the need for the government to solve their problems. Liberals are usually called the "extreme left"; social wealth, oriented toward change and more government. Liberals credit in socialism, meaning they value social equality in jobs, race, wages, education.
To liberalists, economic freedom is more important than economic equality. Socialists believe that citizens are best served by policies focused on meeting the basic needs of the entire society rather than an individual. All citizens should work equally as hard and put in equal contributions. The goal is equality. While liberalists and socialists have the same intentions of creating the best nations, that are peaceful and prosperous, they have very different views and approaches on how to create said nations.
The liberal approach respects the ideals of certain cultures, but not to the extent of the communitarian. Overall, the liberal theory of justice is a more relevant political theory in our globalized world. Works Cited Kymlicka, Will. "Communitarianism." Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction.
To start off, modern liberalism focuses more on the freedom of the individual. For example, liberals tend to support gay and abortion rights (Guide pg. 23), because the ideal is that as a human being, a person has the right to their own decision. Compared to modern conservatism which want more regulations and laws
For the disadvantage, the liberals may not tackle the social problems. For example, while the global economy turns down, little government involvement may raise the unemployment rate. Beside, majority of people can enjoy the voting right, however, not every participant understands the issue that he/she voted for. It is not fair for the rational decision maker. Furthermore, liberals are less concerned about distribution issues and less likely to shorten the wealth gap between strong states and weak states.
Liberals are more innovative and open to reform as opposing the conservatives being more set in their ways and to doing things in tradition. Liberals are more optimistic and are more supportive towards socialistic ideas. Conservatives are pessimistic and are more supportive of the individualistic ideas. A major political issue is welfare. The Conservatives feel the people should make money on there own and without the help of the people Locke would fall more into this category as opposed to Rousseau who would be more supportive of welfare because he is one that says if it helps the individual then it will help us all.
Liberals want to change things to increase personal freedom and tolerance, and are willing to empower government to the extent necessary to achieve those ends. This is against the idea of Beiner about what liberalism is. They want to help individuals to take more control over their own lives. This requires environment where choices are not arbitrarily removed. Also enough information should be offered so that choices can be understood and made intelligently.
Humans are driven to better their condition, division of labour, money status, and manage religious sectarianism (McCullough, 2017). People buy was is a self-interest to them, allowing for producers of those products to earn money. In contrast to Locke, Smith sees the self-interest to affect the public, which is a less selfish act. This is due to the belief that if people are left to pursue their self-interest, markets will move more organically to the direction of greater property of its people (Freeland, January 8, Classical Liberalism). The two political
Individual freedom is often seen as the core value of Liberalism. Nevertheless, freedom can be divided into two categories: negative and positive. Negative freedom, which is traditionally associated with Classical Liberalism, advocates the belief in non-interference, the absence of all external constraints upon the individual. This implies that individuals should be free to pursue their own interests free from outside restrictions or pressures. Nonetheless, negative freedom does not mean that individuals should have absolute and unrestricted freedom.
Introduction Trade liberalization is the practice of eliminating trade barriers or restrictions to allow for the free exchange between nations. Proponents of trade liberalization believe that it will lead to lower consumer costs, increased efficiency, foster economic growth, and further innovation of new technology. The WTO (World Trade Organization), is an international organization whose main focus in liberalizing trade. The WTO does not however, have tunnel vision when it comes to liberalizing trade, it also supports the maintenance of some trade barriers in circumstances to protect consumers and prevent the spread of disease throughout the nations. Comparably, there are individuals that are against trade liberalization for reasons such as: it negatively affects human rights globally, costs domestic jobs, and could negatively impact standard of living through the purchase of lower quality and unregulated cheap goods.