The progress is also represented by the populace and economical growth of the time and the desire to create grander and more majestic buildings than other towns or kingdoms. The Gothic style was a step forward for architecture and help make way for styles such as Renaissance, Baroque, and many others that evolved to what architecture is today.
Someone engineered each idea to make it the best solution to a problem. Even though engineer’s goals are similar, there are many different things that engineers do within their selected field of engineering. This paper will focus on the architectural field of engineering. Like all engineers, architectural engineers apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to research and develop economical solutions to technical problems. Their work is the link between scientific discoveries and commercial applications.
CHAPTER TWO 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction The literature review begins with the background of architectural model followed by the academic and observed discussions of the topic as well as a summary of some major findings. 2.2 Building Physical Architectural Models Physical architectural models are types of scale models, a physical image of a structure, put together to study aspects of an architectural design or to talk design ideas. Subject upon the purpose, models can be made from a variety of materials, including blocks, paper and wood, and at a variety of scales. 2.3 Purpose of Physical Architectural Models Architectural models are tools used by architects for a variety of purposes. Their purpose is meant for the architect to use
Renaissance and Nineteenth Century Architecture There are many different styles of architecture. All these styles depend on the time period, and the architecture. Today, many architects incorporate many styles into one building, giving it uniqueness. Introduction The dictionary defines architecture as the "art and science of designing and erecting buildings" (dictionary.com). Since the beginning of civilization, architects have been designing structures and buildings.
These two fascinating periods of architecture can be found everywhere in the United States, they are inspiring today’s generation around the world. Even though each period had their own rules and traditions they were marvels of massive and great symmetrical designs. During the Rococo period architecture was more asymmetrical, expressed with lighter colors and involved more playful themes. The Neoclassical architecture period during the mid-18th century and early 19th century emphasized the imagination and free will of the society. The Neoclassical period was considered the rebirth of the Classical period.
The major styles are considered as Carolingian (800-900 AD); Ottonian (1000s); Romanesque (1000s-1100s); Gothic (late 1100s-1400s). While Romanesque is considered as the architectural style which preceded the Gothic, many of the distinct Romanesque features found within the great cathedrals of Europe were lost to the greater Gothic movement. However, many Romanesque features, as well as the earlier Carolingian reside within the Gothic-built monuments. The Romanesque name is deliberate in its direct relation to the styling designs found in Rome and there most distinctive feature is their massiveness as opposed to the much more thin monuments of the Gothic era which followed. An important structural development during the Romanesque period was the origin of the vault.
The need for measurement and estimating the cost of projects led to establishment of the quantity surveying. In the same vein the need for skilled people who understood the new technologies led to emergence of structural and services engineering. Project management, also commenced since the need of an overall control on process in construction project became vital. However, the structure of any building should be secure and safe and it must provide a certain amount of privacy and freedom for its occupants. As a result having regulatory authorities to control the planning, legislation, appearance, health and safety of the buildings is essential.
It will explore it in architectural design and in experience of architectural space. I will discuss perception as a precursor to haptics. In philosophical terms perception is how we understand our environment via our senses through identification and interpretation. Philosophical approaches in architecture take this perception of the world and apply it to concepts of understanding and designing of spaces for habitation. In classical philosophy there was a privileging of the sense of sight.
In the early phases of design they first must produce a series of design drawings, or typical study drawings which are the designer’s principal means of thinking. The presentation aspect of drawings are a major part of the design development as the architect refines their idea and design into clear, coordinated set of drawings following all aspects of the design. Once the client has approved of the fully developed design or additional design issues that have emerged have been addressed, construction drawings are then produced. In the final phase of the design process the architect must not only provide drawings readable to engineers, construction workers and high officials, but must also include all details required per city, county and federal guidelines. These drawings are those to study and explore the proposed constructions.
‘The Architectural Technologist draws design inspiration from the development over time of diverging architectural genres’ The objective of this report is to explore the above statement in relation to a building of my choice, the building can be modern, post modern or post-post modern. In doing this I am required to discuss the historical formation of the movement and analyse the building I chose with particular reference to technologies. The ‘History of Architecture’ module itself and the topic of this assignment was interesting and rewarding. It is remarkable to see how the design of buildings has evolved throughout history. I decided to choose a post-post modern building as I am particularly interested in this area.