Another development during the relatively short Romanesque period was the origins of the cruciform structure of the church in that church plans (as seen from above) are in the form of a crucifix; a feature usually associated with the later Gothic styles but which had originate... ... middle of paper ... ..., which was obviously influenced by Roman architecture saw the development of massive structures and Cathedrals and also included the introduction of the architectural features of the vaulted roofs. The Gothic period and saw the development of the Cathedral construction boom in which several innovative art forms were also introduced in the Church design. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Cedron, R. Romanesque: Foundations Stones of Learning. Earthlore.
The south transept, which is represented of the New Testament, has a rose window depicting the Apocalypse.”(Encyclopedia Britannica). The historical moments the cathedral amount of sculpture, miniatures statues, and the great rose windows at Chartres Cathedral. The church was to bring salvation, spiritual instruction and moral education for the followers of Christ. This work is typical for this era because the architectural style Gothic is known for its height being tall and made from stone and tall flying buttress... ... middle of paper ... ...ral image and other different images of the inside of the cathedral. “The Medieval Synthesis in the Arts” McGraw-Hill Connect http://textflow.mcgraw-hill.com//parser.
Gothic architecture was still predominantly in cathedrals and churches. The rise of Romanticism began in the eighteenth century–leading to an awareness and increased interest of the Middle Ages, specifically interest in church architecture. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_Revival_architecture) Thus, Gothic Revival Architecture was created. When admirers of neo-Gothic styles wanted to revive medieval Gothic architecture, Gothic Revival Architecture was created—along with many sub styles, such as Polychrome Brick Gothic and Carpenter Gothic in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. All architectural styles have different characteristics.
The Gothic structure allows for plenty of windows. Chartres has a significant collection of medieval stained glass, with over 150 early thirteenth century windows. The windows allowed sunlight to enter the dark, Gothic cathedral in order to highlight the story of Christ through the stained glass windows told throughout history to pilgrims alike. These windows create a spiritual and promising place for thought and prayer. Stained glass was used to help teach the stories of Christ to people that were illiterate during the medieval times.
Medieval architecture was a significant aspect of medieval times because it told stories of the religious belief of the people and protected the beliefs with art. Now some may think do some of the people from the medieval times think that their art was sort of spiritual protection?. Well Gargoyles were used for scaring evil spirits away and were also throwing away rainwater from the sky and clearing the rain from the walls. Gargoyles were usually were on top of the building and churches so they were really noticeable and to help them look more powerful and intimidating. Gothic art is a very bold mostly gothic art was cathedrals,castles universities and ect,and most of the buildings were built with limestone.
The cathedral at Chartres is considered to be the first work of High Gothic architecture (Coldstream p.140). The church’s vertical design has a three-part division, the nave arcade, the triforium, and the clerestory windows. The rose window, which was to represent the Virgin Mary, was framed in tracery and filled with different colored glass. Sacred Medieval architecture went through many changes throughout its period. From Byzantine to Gothic the architecture of sacred buildings continued show the importance that was placed on religion and the power religion had on its people.
The locations of the two types of cathedrals also contributed toward the change between Romanesque and Gothic, as well as the power of the relics and the community to raise funds for the Gothic cathedrals. There are several reasons the architecture of the cathedral changed from Romanesque to Gothic in the Middle Ages. The Romanesque period lasted from 1000 to 1200 AD. Today's France was the center of Romanesque architecture and the birthplace of one of the most beutiful features of medieval architecture, the ambulatory with radiating chapels. "Romanesque is the name we give to christian architecture in Western Europe from the end of the Roman Empire to about the close of the twelfth century.
Both Ottonian and Carolingian architecture mainly focused on geometrical shapes when constructing their churches and cathedrals. Unlike Charlemagne, Ottonian’s created a lot of metal work mainly in the form of manuscripts as a cover for books.The influence of Early Christianity reflected on both rulers through its art portraying stories from their christian belief’s. During the early middle ages, the Roman Empire began to decline. Rude people known as the Germanic Barbarians begun to migrate into Europe. As a result, three different cultures fused together marking the beginning of the dark ages.
Later on, they used gothic architecture for secular buildings like castles, palaces, bridges, city walls, and gates. In England, two highly important buildings: Canterbury Cathedral and Westminster Abbey were created using Gothic architecture. • Several elements from Gothic architecture were borrowed from the Lombards and the Franks. They took the compound pier and archivolt, the alternate system, and the ribbed and domed vault. It can be seen that the main dispositions of the Gothic plan are derived from Carolingian developments of the early Christian basilica.
The staple Gothic features for a Cathedral such as this are the pointed arches, stained glass windows, a large rose window with stone tracery, heavily decorated portals, and the asymmetrical towers. Created from massive amounts of stone, there is symbolism in architecture