2006. “Images of Basilica of St. Denis, Paris.” Bluffton University. http://www.bluffton.edu/homepages/facstaff/sullivanm/france/paris/stdenis/stdenischoir.html.] Another difference separating the two were that Romanesque style buildings had limited light whereas Gothic cathedrals were flooded with natural light. The architectural reason for this was due to the walls being made primarily out of stained glass.
The word gothic is related to characteristics such as dark, haunted, black, etc. but that was not always the case. In the Medieval period, Gothic style architecture was built to create plenty of entryways for sunlight. The brightness was meant to brighten lives, even more so in churches (Frankl & Crossley, 2000). The Gothic style was also a part of the movement away from the simply architectural style that was previously used (Murray, 1996).
It was because of Abbot Suger that the admired Gothic style began along with more of his art program from about 1125-1144 (Inventing the Exegetical Stained-Glass Window: Suger, Hugh, and a New Elite Art, par 1). However, not everyone agreed with this extravagant style. When Gothic cathedrals began being built, French abbot, Bernard de Clairvaux made a judgment of his own. He explained that he did not see the need to be so extravagant when the money going to those glittering churches can go to a better use, the poor. I agree with Bernard; there is no need to be stylish when adorning cathedrals if there are better uses for that money.
The principle behind the Gothic style was to reach greater interior heights. However, “medieval churches had solid stone vaults (the structure that supports the ceiling or roof). These were extremely heavy structures and tended to push the walls outward, which could lead to the collapse of the building. In turn, walls had to be heavy and thick enough to bear the weight of the stone vaults,” (“Gothic Art and Architecture”). Thus, the taller buildings such a churches would be more expensive to build and look bulky and ungainly, which doesn’t quite fit the style the clergy were aiming for.
The staple Gothic features for a Cathedral such as this are the pointed arches, stained glass windows, a large rose window with stone tracery, heavily decorated portals, and the asymmetrical towers. Created from massive amounts of stone, there is symbolism in architecture
Many hanging scrolls are not famous or perfect themselves but they become classical once they are hung in the tokonoma because the blurry image is more suitable for Japanese sense of beauty, they think the vague ancient poetry and painting is quainter. European houses, however, are heavily influenced by light. European ideal home is a clean and bright place where windows should be polished so that the sunshine can fully insert. The fireplace in the living room is not only for winter heating but also for lighting during a long night. The park usually
Another difference between the two periods is the way emotion was portrayed on the faces of portraits or sculptures. In the Classical Period logic was favored over emotion, so most facial expressions in paintings and portraits were emotionless. During the Middle Ages, most portraits featured faces with solemn or melancholic expressions. The Gothic Period of the Middle Ages brought similarities with the Classical period forward. Sculpting was an accepted form of art during the Gothic period, as it was during the Classical Period.
3. Briefly describe your initial impressions of Gothic architecture and how it differs from Romanesque? Often you can tell if the building is Gothic from the outside because they are often asymmetrical, have finials and crockets, elegant stained glass windows, and are taller than Romanesque buildings; however the real tell tale signs are inside. The barrel vaults of Romanesque churches are replaced with ribbed vaults, it...
The major styles are considered as Carolingian (800-900 AD); Ottonian (1000s); Romanesque (1000s-1100s); Gothic (late 1100s-1400s). While Romanesque is considered as the architectural style which preceded the Gothic, many of the distinct Romanesque features found within the great cathedrals of Europe were lost to the greater Gothic movement. However, many Romanesque features, as well as the earlier Carolingian reside within the Gothic-built monuments. The Romanesque name is deliberate in its direct relation to the styling designs found in Rome and there most distinctive feature is their massiveness as opposed to the much more thin monuments of the Gothic era which followed. An important structural development during the Romanesque period was the origin of the vault.
A predominant theme in Modernism is the futility of needless embellishment. Previous forms of art and literature were so overwhelmingly adorned with frivolous designs that new thinkers had the urge to strip down their crafts to the bare minimum. In architecture, for example, there is a great contrast between the Paris Opera House designed by Garnier in 1861 and the Brauhaus Workshops designed by Gropius in 1925. The incredible, intricate design of the opera house is a wonderful illustration of everything that the modernist wanted to stray away from; the gold statues and carefully carved stone existed as nothing more than beauty for the sake of being beautiful. However, working in an era still feeling the staggering tolls of the Great War, Gropius designed his workshops to be very straightforward.