Gorbachev Analysis

1824 Words8 Pages
The investigation assesses the relevance of Mikhail Gorbachev’s actions in avoiding further conflict between the USA and the USSR from 1985 to 1988. This is interesting as it is arguable by many whether Gorbachev was relevant in essentially ceasing tensions between the superpowers, or if it was in fact Ronald Reagan who influenced this situation. This specific scope was chosen due to the implementations of Perestroika, Glasnost, and the four summits between the USA and the USSR from 1985 to 1988, which explored Gorbachev’s actions in the face-to-face confrontations of their respective leaders. In order to evaluate the relevance of Gorbachev’s movements during this time, the investigation looks into the historical context of the setting. In addition, the context of these conditions will allow for a better analysis of the sources, which evaluate the Glasnost and Perestroika policies, as well as the four summits aiming for disarmament. Word Count: 147 SECTION B: SUMMARY OF EVIDENCE Historical Context – Soviet Union and USA (before 1985) • After Potsdam Agreement (1945) , the Soviet Union executed a Communist government in East Germany in retaliation to Capitalist West Germany. Due to this, the people in East Berlin looked up to the wealthier West for political freedom. • Brezhnev’s era (1964-1982) as leader of the USSR was a phase of economic and political stagnation. This was due to the lack of spending on consumer goods and the domestic economy as a whole. It fell behind on technology and industrial output. • Brezhnev died on November 10th, 1982. After his death, there was speculation that the position of General Secretary would fall to Cherneko, however he was incapable to rally enough support within... ... middle of paper ... .... Word Count: 721 SECTION E: CONCLUSION In conclusion, both Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan were involved in the reduction of hostilities. Although the Soviet Union was pressured by the USA to reduce their arms due to economic standards, Mikhail Gorbachev’s actions during his time as leader of the USSR were crucial in discontinuing strained relations, as his persistence in arms reduction were very effective in demonstrating Reagan, Gorbachev’s importance to avoid conflict by all means. In addition, his new evolved sphere of thinking exposed open thought and different perspectives in the way he tackled the conditions in the Soviet Union, in contrast to his past leaders. Glasnost, Perestroika, and the four summits allowed for a compromise between the USA and the USSR for the first time in years, thus ceasing conflict in relations.
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