Lord of the Flies is a novel written by William Golding in 1954. Golding’s participation in the Second World War, and especially in the invasion of Normandy may have pessimistically affected his viewpoints and opinions regarding human nature and what a person is capable of doing. This can be seen in his novel, which observes the regression of human society into savagery, the abandonment of what is morally and socially acceptable for one’s primal instincts and desires. The beginning of Lord of the Flies introduces the main characters and the story’s setting. A group of boys are stranded on an isolated island and must find a way to survive until rescue comes.
Quickly Jack draws his knife so as to kill the piglet. Instead of completing the act, however, Jack hesitates. Golding states that, "The pause was only long enough for them to realize the enormity of what the downward stroke would be" (Golding page #). Golding is suggesting that the societal taboos placed on killing are still ingrained within Jack. The next significant encounter in Jack's progression is his first killing of a pig.
114, a “game” gets a little out of hand, when Robert pretends to be the pig, and the others pretend to hunt him, but then they become more serious and actually hurt him. He is not killed, however. Eventually, Jack and some of the other boys split apart from Ralph and his “group.” Jack and his hunting band kill another pig savagely, reveling in its agony. The “peak of their decline” was when they killed Simon, calling him a beast, during the storm. Then Piggy is killed, and the conch is shattered, and that is when I consider them to be at the absolute lowest in society: nothing more than savages.
After Jack’s failed attempt at leadership shortly after the arrival on the island, he becomes more and more obsessed with the desire of hunting and killing of pigs. However in instances where the pig is represented by Robert he still chants “Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Kill the pig! Bash him in!” and repeatedly jabs Robert (Golding 125).
The shelter collapsed with smothering finality., and anonymous shapes made there way to the dark.... His left hand dangled piggy's glasses.” so the hunters badly beat Ralph and his people, who do not even know why they were attacked, they would have gladly shared the fire with the other boys so they did not need to steal piggy's glasses to make fire. This proves the theme because raiding the group instead of asking the group for glasses to make a fire is crude nature the choice of choosing to destroy the camp is destructive nature
The boys encourage Jack’s predatory behaviors, which leads him further form his previous, civilized character. When Jack catches a pig and is preparing himself to kill it, the other boys chant, “Kill the pig. Cut his throat. Spill his blood.” (Page 69) encouraging to Jack to pursue his act of violence. Not only do the boys push Jack to act violently, they act out the killing of the pig after he has slayed one.
As a final decent into the evil that has consumed him the pray becomes one of the boys as Ralph is hunted with the intent to kill, sacrifice and possibly even eat in an act of cannibalism. Before the evil began to grow in strength within Jack, he was a boy much like the others and like the others he found the concept of killing another living thing was not something easy to digest, but Jack learned. How ever hard it was for Jack to first kill a pig, spilling its blood on his bare hands, once he had first killed another living thing his path towards evil and savagery was well one its way. Early on in the novel we find Ralph, Simon and Jack walking through the forest when they come across a small pig tangled and caught in the creepers. Although Jack does have a knife with him his hesitation combined with the overwhelming reality of the situation keeps Jack stunned in his place and the pig escapes untouched.
Obviously killing someone they knew does not phase them anymore. After Piggy is murdered, the boys hunt Ralph. (7) The boys take Piggy’s glasses light the place, near Ralph, on fire in order to kill Ralph. The boys have lost all of their morals since they have turned from hunting pigs to humans. The boys are now comparable to that of a serial killer.
The main symbol in Lord of the Flies is quite obviously, the Lord of the Flies, which as aforementioned, is a pig’s head on a stick, covered in flies. The symbol represents the evil within the boys that reside on the island. Each one corrupt in his own, fearing what resides within them. Jack with his “macho” attitude, while he is a leader, has actually took part in killing someone, but then again, so has every boy there. This evil could also be interpreted as a loss of innocence, in which the boys spiral from helpless little tykes to voracious savages, living only to kill.
After he first kills a pig "His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away it's life like a long satis... ... middle of paper ... ...eat battle of wills between Ralph and Jack culminating in Jack and his tribe hunting down and smoking Ralph out of the forest, which ultimately led to their rescue. At this point, democracy in the shape of Ralph seemed to prevail over totalitarianism in the shape of Jack who faded into the shadows. Overall, Ralph and Jack were very different characters. Ralph began the book as a hopeful leader with high ideals and in the end was feeling hunted and squashed by dictatorship and anarchy. He was motivated by the hope of rescue and was more of a democratic leader.