Good vs. Evil in Lord of the Flies by William Golding

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Lord of the Flies: Good vs. Evil

Knowing William Golding took part of World War II, we as readers can understand why Golding wrote Lord of the Flies and other survival-fiction novels. When the story was released in 1954, Golding described his book as "an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature." It is unmistakably obvious to anyone who reads this book that Golding is trying to exaggerate the good and evil in the boys on the island. Throughout the book, we learn that people, including children, are not pure goodness. Deep inside there is an evil constantly trying to rise to the surface of our minds. Golding proves that eventually the evil within us will destroy us. Golding saw in World War II what evils humans can do and illustrates that throughout the book.

Golding embeds allusions and imagery to give characterization to major characters, Ralph and Jack, within the first few chapters to expo good and evil. The first characters introduced in the story is Ralph and Piggy. Taking control of the group,we can determine that Ralph is smart and cultured. He has the asset of his superior height, strength, and beauty, originating him as the leader of the boys. If there is a disagreement, he is calm and rational and usually fixed the problem. Although he is excited no adults are around, he soon weeps due to loss of humanity. He has a mild expression that renders him “no devil.” Ralph therefore embodies “good.” Piggy is the intellectual of the group. DESCRIBE PIGGY Golding then introduces Jack. When Ralph blew the conch, Jack and his group of choir boys came from the darkness of the forest dressed in black and silver cloaks. Angered by the vote for Ralph’s leadership, Jack is consumed with t...

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...etween a pig and a human. Using imagery, Golding exemplifies that the boys cannot understand the difference between their needs and fun. The reenactments of the pig murders are an illustration of the boys’ dehumanization. To dehumanize someone means to deprive of human qualities or attributes. Such as in chapter 4, after a hunt, the boys reenacted the killing, with Maurice being the pig. As they grow closer to salvagery, the boys also grow more towards the line of being a human and an animal. Repeating another ritual dance, the boys come close to killing a boy acting as the pig. They get absorbed into the frenzy-like actions and forget that this human is actually a human. It becomes easier for the boys to hurt one another as they kill more and more pigs. In the ritual dances and reenactments of the murders foreshadows the death of Piggy and Simon.
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