The Loman’s complicated views of success make it hard to achieve happiness: Willy and Happy are focused on Willy’s dream of money and popularity, while Biff is willing to tell the truth, and admit that being a salesman is not the right job for any of them. Willy’s idea that success comes from popularity and wealth is something he just can’t achieve, and he has been lying to himself for so long that he has become delusional. Willy’s dreams of success are inspired by the life of his deceased brother Ben who quickly became a very wealthy man in life. Ben being his hero, bringing Willy to build his own twisted definition to success that is closely related to the classic “American dream”. To Willy, success means wealth, a happy family, big house, popularity, and to be praised.
Willy doesn't believe in hard work and honesty to achieve the highest respect but instead focuses on personal appearance and social judgement. "He worries that people do not like him, admitting that people seem to respect Charlie which talks less, but Linda cheers him up, insisting that he will be fine." (Arthur miller) Willy's view of how to achieve the dream is a flawed one and he doesn't want to admit one bit of it. Willy plays his sons as to be the greatest and the worst failures in life sometimes. "Willy boasts that his sons will achieve more than Bernard becuase they are more attractive and bet... ... middle of paper ... ... in Modern Drama,” where he finds all great drama to be concerned with one big problem: “How may a man make the outside world a home?” What does he need to do, to change himself or in the external world, if he is to find the “the safety, the surroundings of love, the ease of the soul, the sense of identity and honor which, evidently, all men have connected in their memories with the idea of family?” (Jacobson) "Willy’s failure is our failure, for we are also involved in the cult of success, and we, too, measure men by occupational attainment rather than by some sympathetic calculus of the whole human being.
Willy is deceived by his and his sons ' identities. He believes that they are smart and strong men who have what it takes to be successful and beat the business world. A theory of Willy’s include’s that if a person is well liked and has a great deal of personal attractiveness, then all the doors will automatically be opened for them. Which means that hard work is not the way to achieve success. For example, Willy unlike Charlie believed that appearances and popularity were the fundamental characteristics of success.
That is what he defined success for himself as. Willy Lowman is an amateur salesman, who lives in an ... ... middle of paper ... ...tsby believes in working hard for success and Willy solely believes in lying your way to success and being well liked, Willy does not believe in working hard for success. Both Gatsby and Willy attempt to achieve their dreams, however Jay Gatsby does not live a life based thoroughly on an illusion. Some lies that Gatsby told were parts of the truth, whereas Willy Lowman believes that he is successful, popular and a good father, none of this is true. Finally one can say that the way in which attempting to achieve their dreams ultimately lead to both Jay Gatsby and Willy Lowman’s deaths.
Willy’s Idea of Success is Misguided Willy Loman, the main character in Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, is idealistic, stubborn and has a false sense of importance. He exhibits skewed perceptions of society that have a negative impact on him and his family. Willy believes that his philosophy of life is one that will guarantee himself and his family a life of wealth and success. Willy cannot achieve this success because his perceptions and methods to obtain it are wrong. Willy thinks that a part of a person’s success is measured by how well liked and how many friends an individual has.
Then there is Bernard’s father, Charlie. He was a hard working man who believed that success could be achieved if he tried hard enough. This pays off for him in the end when he is in charge of a company and is left to help out Willy in times of need. He offers Willy a job just after he gets fired, but Willy does not accept. He continues to believe that he is better than his friend.
Such great praise prompts Biff’s pride of himself and his family, which leads Biff to feel contentment and fulfillment in his younger years before his dreams come to an end. But, his flaw comes in the form of hubris or arrogance that goes hand in hand with his father's belief in his own greatness. Biff so readily believes his father’s assumptions that he will not work at any ... ... middle of paper ... ...With this in mind Biff forces himself to break the barriers of his fathers confining concepts and to evaluate his own life. Biff’s understanding of Willy’s inability to realize his [Willy’s] identity, proved vital to Biff’s own search for self identification. Willy further proved his inability to understand by finally committing suicide and thinking that it would bring happiness to Biff.
Willy's lifelong dream has always been to live the life of a successful salesman .In willy's perception of reality he feels that he is of a higher social standing that what he really is. He even tells his sons that he is so well known that if you "call out the name Willy Loman and see what happens! Big Shot!". (45).Willy also has a difficult time seeing that he has failed in achieving his American dream, in being successful,, he even becomes annoyed when people try to bring him down to reality. When wily goes to Howard to see about his job being moved, Howard tries to bring him down to reality by telling him that he is not as succ...
Yet there are many facets to his personality that contribute to the state he and the family are in during the play. His upbringing of the boys is one major issue, he raised them with the notion that if one is well-liked, he need not worry about qualifications, he believed that if his boys were popular they would come out on top. Sadly, he doesn't realize that the only way an ordinary person can get rich is through work (represented by Bernard) or through luck and good timing (Ben), and Willy missed the boat when it came to ... ... middle of paper ... ... Willy says to Charlie: "Funny you know? After all the highways, and the trains, and the appointments, and the years, you end up worth more dead than alive.3" This statement is a sad reflection on the state of mind that Willy is in due the unfortunate combination of his ideals and the change which has occurred in his society. Willy is a multi-faceted character which Miller has portrayed a deep problem with sociological and psychological causes and done so with disturbing reality.
Throughout life people set goals for themselves and if they reach them or not is how they determine themselves to be a success or a failure. In the play Death Of a Salesman, Willy the main character in order to see himself as success embellishes his accomplishments. These embellishments of the truth make Willy think he is better than he his. Throughout Willy’s life he tries to be as successful as his idols; however in his pursuit to do so he fails not only as a worker but also as a role model to his boys. Throughout the play, Willy is in search of the ever-elusive dream of being successful.