God's Sovereignty versus Human Responsibility

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Humans are responsible for their actions, but if God is sovereign does the role of humans matter if He has already predestined humanity? Of course it matters. In Romans 9, Paul says that God is sovereign and in Romans 10 Paul says that humans are responsible for the choices they make. God states he has predestined his people but He also says He accepts anyone who believes in Him. God’s sovereignty and free will work hand in hand. To understand this one must understand the Bible’s definition of free will and God’s Sovereignty (David and Zoë). In Galatians 5:13 Paul makes a powerful statement saying, “You were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge in sinful nature…” God gives his people free will to choose what we do under the boundaries set by God in his sovereign purpose for each individual for all (David and Zoë). In contrast, the definition regarding God’s sovereignty is people are predestined to go to heaven or hell. God’s sovereignty is self-determined (Boa, Kenneth). The definitions given will help in understanding God’s role in the lives of His people and how one can be under God’s sovereignty and still be free. Instead of judging the facts we must know that both can coexist. There are also two extremes to God’s sovereignty and mans free will: Calvinism vs. Arminianism.
“The sovereign Lion of Judah is the sweet lamb of God,” stated John Piper a Calvinist. Calvinism is the belief in strictly predestination. There are five points Calvinist used as a response to the Arminians. It goes under the acronym TULIP. T: Total depravity, U: Unconditional Election, L: Limited Atonement, I: Irresistible Grace, and P: Perseverance of the Saint (Piper, John). These five points are at the heart of Biblical theology acco...

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...lity in the chapter. In verse 47 Jesus says, “I tell you the truth, he who believes will have eternal life.” Here in this one chapter Jesus combines the two. God is in control and we are in control of choosing Him.

Works Cited

Boa, K. (2006). Divine Sovereignty vs. Human Responsibility. Retrieved from https://bible.org/article/divine-sovereignty-vs-human-responsibility

Calvin, J. (2009). Institutes of the Christian Religion . Retrieved from http://www.theologian-theology.com/theologians/john-calvin-predestination-justice

Marlowe, M. (2005). What is Arminianism? Retrieved from http://www.bible-researcher.com/arminianism.htm

Piper, J. (1998). What We Believe About the Five Points of Calvinism. Retrieved from http://www.desiringgod.org/articles/what-we-believe-about-the-five-points-of-calvinism

Sulem, David, and Zoë Sulem. God’s Plan for All. Web. 8 Apr. 2014.
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