From the moment Mr. McEachern picks up Joe Christmas from the foster home he stresses the importance of religion to Joe. While introducing himself, Mr. McEachern explains to Joe, “…I will have you learn soon that the two abominations are sloth and idle thinking, the... ... middle of paper ... ...forced upon them. There are other types of religious extremists, like Doc Hines, who see those who do not share their faith as enemies and believe that they are a curse of God and therefore, should be eliminated through killing. These ideologies, even though seen in our world today, cannot be the definitions of faith and religion. In fact, the violence created through them defies the very basic beliefs associated with most world religions.
Christopher Hitchens the author of God is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything uses his own personal experiences with religions and gives us an insight as to why he feels that religion is flawed. Throughout his book he uses arguments that is justified by modern science and social issues that uses religion as an excuse to execute unreasonable actions. His arguments are from the consumption of certain meats to the war against nations just for defending the righteousness of each religion. Hitchens thoughts of human religion is back up by evidence collected by modern science and studies that religion is arbitrary in their beliefs and it teaches people to be self centered and conceited. Hitchens explains how all religion has no true evidence of its actual existence but rather their followers must follow blindly through “faith”, which is induced from stories written by other humans.
Pope contends that atheism has caused just as much harm, if not more, than religion. He claims “evildoing has been pursued under the guise of religion, but the same can be said of science” (Only Religion Can Teach Morality and Ethics). He goes on to cite, “facetiously”, the Nazis being “intelligently organized”. Contrarily, Kurtz argues religion is the cause of “basic human rights violations” (Atheism Teaches Morality and Ethics). Kurtz proceeds with arguing the point, “some conservative religious moralists seek to enact a constitutional amendment that would prohibit [same-sex marriage].” He also claims “The religious want to censor science”.
Bertrand Russell, a renowned analytic philosopher, argues about the existence of God in his article “Is there a God?” (1952). For most of his life Russell held the opinion that religions are meant to instill distress and helplessness into people’s minds and belief in religion is the major cause for all the deadly conflicts that have occurred in the past. In his article “Is there a God?” Russell discusses how theologians have been presenting their arguments to prove God’s existence and then gives his own reflection on their thoughts. Questioning God’s existence and giving arguments that refute such beliefs could turn into a controversial discussion and many theists, who have blind faith in God’s existence, find such arguments offensive to their beliefs. Taking the sensitive nature of this subject into account, Russell’s article does not display any offensive characteristics and the way he dealt with this issue by taking a neutral stance should be appreciated.
In the article “On Being an Atheist”, H. J. McCloskey tries to show that believing in God is unreasonable. McCloskey first tries to point out flaws in theism by trying to disprove the cosmological and the teleological arguments. After trying to show the flaws in the two argument he brings up the problem of evil to try to discredit theism as a self-contradictory belief. At the end of his article he tries to show his readers that atheism is comforting and that theism is not. When you go through McCloskey’s argument it shows many flaws in his reasoning as he wanted to show that it is impossible that there is a God.
Religion in the novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn not only becomes the main evil, it provides readers with another perspective that judges, lies, deceives, and sins ironically to the point that religion is not seen as a belief, but another useless tool to spread more evil in a world that already dwells in sin. Although quite superstitious, Huck intrigues readers to understand religion’s forcible nature; consequently, they see that Huck actually exhibits greater morality than those that seek to instill a moral code within him. Twain is quick to point out the errors in religion. Even in church, “ornery-preaching” (Twain 83) and evil intentions cause Huck to question the reason for religion. “As slavishly as others follow the formal rules of Christian culture” (Martin 102), Huck relies upon himself.
The Poisonwood Bible by Barbara Kingslover along with Things Fall Apart and Heart of Darkness by Ukem Akpan and Joseph Conrad respectively have depicted this notion of carrying out God’s will onto other areas. For this reason alone, mankind is incapable of achieving equality because in a world where religion exists will always create a schism in humanity. Religion is responsible for manifesting a feeling of being unhomed. Characteristics may include feeling a part of more than one world which, during imperialism, is a very dangerous way of living. This kind of person may execute ideas or beliefs that are not fully their own.
They demote power. He sees religion as intensely nihilistic - it's all about denying life and being negative. Nietzsche feels that the New Testament is also like that. We have to go beyond this. If Christianity and Schopenhaur are based on denying life ... ... middle of paper ... ...itique is that he views religion from the outside, so doesn't this make it a one-sided story?
In addition, in becomes apparent early on in his book that Lewis does not believe the Adam and Eve story can be taken seriously by his audience at a literal level in a Darwinian age. In conclusion, Lewis relies heavily on scripture, tradition, and history to explain evilness in terms of the Fall of man, to reject theories of Monism and Dualism, to justify how a good Creator could make a bad creature, and to convey the concept of hell. Conversely, Lewis relies on modern context when questioning God's omnipotence. All in all, Lewis relies to some extent on all four foundational sources in order to understand the will of God and attempt to solve the problem of pain. Works Cited Lewis, C. S. The Problem of Pain.
(HCT: 294) Barth also wrote the well publicized Church Dogmatics, a thirteen volume, unfinished work of church writings where he attacked all "natural theology," and all human efforts to understand God. Karl Barth disagreed with many of the beliefs of liberal thinkers such as Harnack and Schleiermacher. Liberal Protestants believed religion originates and centers around the self-individual and experiences. Barth disagreed with the human experience belief because he felt, "revelation is God’s self offering and self manifestation." He also felt without revelation we would not know God, and to know God we must manifest.