Conclusion The second edition of “African American Religious History: A Documentary Witness,” covers the religious experiences of African Americans—from the late eighteenth century until the early 1980s. My paper is written in a chronological order to reflect on the progress blacks have made during the years—by expounding on the earliest religion of Africans to black religion of today. Race Relation and Religion plays a major role in today’s society—history is present in all that we do and it is to history that African-Americans have its identity and aspiration. This course has broaden my knowledge of the religious history of African Americans and enables me to gain greater appreciation for the black churches. Works Cited African American Religious History: A Documentary Witness
In addition to the book, Dr. Wimberly created a workshop and seminar to help pastors and community leaders help African Americans who were once slaves. Liberation and Human Wholeness provides a clear path for how people can deal with their emotional problems in the 21st century. Dr. Wimberly also spoke about how slavery caused tremendous pain in the black church. The word “wholeness,” he wrote, mea... ... middle of paper ... ...lp deal with grief and loss. He also reminded readers that we must not think just about ourselves, but others as well.
Cone and Wilmore proposed ideas of Black Theology. I believe that their theories show how African-Americans can gain their own identity through their own practices of religion and culture. I believe that the greatest struggle of African-Americans in a racist society is the struggle to regain collective identity and culture. However, they show how it is very possible to rise above racial discrimination, and stereotypes. Although Albert Raboteau was not necessarily a theologian, his claims of slaves finding their own way of life despite being dehumanized, easily relate to the ideas of Cone and Wilmore.
Beginning with the "black power" movement in 1966, black clergy in many major denominations began to reassess the relationship of the Christian church to the black community. Black caucuses developed in the Catholic, Presbyterian, and Episcopal churches. "The central thrust of these new groups was to redefine the meaning and role of the church and religion in the lives of black people. Out of this reexamination has come what some have called Bla... ... middle of paper ... ...ans had for generations practiced and defended not just slavery, but the hatred and demise of anything black or African. Cone's mission was to bring blackness and Christianity together.”# In 1969, Cone published Black Theology and Black Power.
The title of the book, The Rise to Respectability, gives the impression that the book bestows knowledge concerning the religious aspects of African American members of the Church of God in Christ and their journey to gain respect in the religious community. The leaders of Church of God in Christ had different views on black charismatic religious traditions that were deeply rooted in slavery like shouting, dancing, and speaking in tongues. This disagreement quickly spread to clergymen who demanded a more sophisticated religious experience from Mason and th... ... middle of paper ... ...interesting enough for the reader to overcome this disconnect, especially if interested in all facets of African American history. It provided information about this reviewer’s hometown, Memphis, TN, and its connection to the Church of God in Christ and the holiness movement that they were unaware of. That is what this kind of book is all about.
In his book Taking Heaven by Storm, John H. Wiggers argues that Methodism has played a vital role in shaping current day American society by developing an innovative method of blending Methodist pious ideals with American values (191). A History Professor at University of Missouri, Wiggers adequately supports his thesis with three main arguments of Methodist innovation in America and their effects evangelism, community, and equality. Wiggers argues these points through a combination of personal stories of “early Methodists, particularly the itinerant preachers” (7) and impartial evidence. Wiggers also connects his main arguments smoothly through this book. This argumentative structure is effective because it not only holds the interest of the average college student, but also is convincing enough to persuade a scholar.
Kenneth Warren had described Forrest’s work to show the practices of black folk culture burgeoning with aesthetic possibilities. The folk stories of black culture told through oral communication is a form of tradition in African American cultures that flows through the novel. The novels poetic language signifies the oral character of the black culture and the changing styles of font represents the music of Jazz, along with the incorporation of religious episodes that mimic the blues. The narrative tactics used in the novel signify the progress of the black culture into a more free society in America. With the incorporation of religious episodes into the novel, Forrest shows us the importance of religion in the black culture.
Overall, I proffer that this reading was informative about enduring racial tensions, religious problems, and struggles of being an African American at this time. It was very enlightening when James Baldwin had the conference with Elijah Muhammad about how he wanted to make changes in the church. When reading this book I found it interesting as to how important religion was to some, and how routine it was for others at this
The author aims to both examine the spirituals and blues as cultural expressions of black people and to reflect on both the theological and sociological implications of these songs. James H. Cone was born on August 5, 1938 in Fordyce, Arkansas. He attended three small colleges, including a theological seminary, before receiving his Masters and Ph.D. from the prestigious Northwestern University. Cone is married and has two children. He has held membership to many prominent boards and organizations including the National Committee of Black Churchman (member of board of directors), American Academy of Religion, Congress of African Peoples, and Black Methodists for Church Renewal.
An institution built by and for the establishment met a concern for the souls and bodies of the disenfranchised” (p.1, Heitzenrater). This explained the transformation of both individuals and the Church at this moment in history. Of how a small congregation in Stanton Harcourt would be the starting point for a “guest preacher, would shortly become the leader of an evangelical revival that would, during his lifetime, spread across the lands and become a trans-Atlantic movement” (p. 1, Heitzenrater). How many present at St. Michael’s on that June 11 Sunday morning in 1738 realized just how important this day would be in the history of the Church in the British Isle, America and throughout the world. How the step taken by the monarch’s of England influenced the Church in England to be transformed into the Church of England.