Globalization: The Explotation of the Poor By the Rich

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The concept of Globalisation is a contested terrain. Authors such as Jameson (1988) discuss globalisation as a new marvel, as yet out with any specific field of academia, defining it as an “immense enlargement in communication with more tangible and immediate world markets than earlier stages of modernity”. McGrew (2000, as cited in Marsh, Keating, Punch and Harden 2000, pg. 380) has identified that globalisation is not a new concept but its fervour has certainly magnified. This essay will outline and describe the main features of globalisation focussing on the economical dimensions, although these decisions are affected by politics, which in turn affect the environmental and cultural aspects of life. With this in mind consideration will be given to differing viewpoints of academic writings thus far.

As yet no definitive definition is agreed, presenting an academic challenge. Marsh, et al (2000) indicates globalisers and sceptics views differ. The former advocate market de-regulation as contributing to international wealth, inferring, if executed correctly, impoverished nations will benefit creating choice, communicative cohesion and promoting Westernisation as a ‘good thing’, Arguably the latter intimate the widening of the social gap between the haves and the have not’s due to capitalist exploitation.

According to Steger (2009) globalisation has four key affirmations. Firstly, globalisation considers developing new social connections, widening current enterprise, considering political, economic and cultural relationships. For example, politically cohesive organisations such as NATO or the European Union have worldwide representation, affecting political decisions not only at a locally or nationally, but globally. Secondly...

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