Globalization: The European Union, the ASEAN Group, and NAFTA

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Globalization has become one of the most influential forces in the twentieth century. International integration of world views, products, trade and ideas has caused a variety of states to blur the lines of their borders and be open to an international perspective. The merger of the Europeans Union, the ASEAN group in the Pacific and NAFTA in North America is reflective of the notion of globalized trade. The North American Free Trade Agreement was the largest free trade zone in the world at its conception and set an example for the future of liberalized trade. The North American Free Trade Agreement is coming into it's twentieth anniversary on January 1st, 2014. 1 NAFTA not only sought to enhance the trade of goods and services across the borders of Canada, US and Mexico but it fostered shared interest in investment, transportation, communication, border relations, as well as environmental and labour issues. The North American Free Trade Agreement was groundbreaking because it included Mexico in the arrangement.2 Mexico was a much poorer, culturally different and protective country in comparison to the likes of Canada and the United States. Many members of the U.S Congress were against the agreement because they did not want to enter into an agreement with a country that had an authoritarian regime, human rights violations and a flawed electoral system.3 Both Canadians and Americans alike, feared that Mexico's lower wages and lax human rights laws would generate massive job losses in their respected economies. Issues of sovereignty came into play throughout discussions of the North American Free Trade Agreement in Canada. Many found issue with the fact that bureaucrats and politicians from alien countries would be making deci... ... middle of paper ... ...tenham: Edward Elgar, 2011. Lipsey, Richard G.. "Will there be a Canadian-American Free Trade Association? ." The World Economy 9 (2008): 218-238. McDougall, John N.. Drifting together: the political economy of Canada-US integration. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2006. Mckinney, Joseph. "US-Canadian Economic Relations, Twenty Years after the USA-Canada Free Trade Agreement." British Journal of Canadian Studies 23 (2010): 233-246. Rao, S. , P. Sharma, and R. Acharya.Canada–U.S. trade and foreign direct investment patterns. Calgary: Calgary University Press, 2003. Thomas, David M.. Canada and the United States: differences that count. Third ed. Toronto: Broadview Press, 2008. Weintraub, Sidney. NAFTA: what comes next?. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1994. Wise, Carol. "The North American Free Trade Agreement." New Political Economy 14 (2009): 133-148.

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