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Globalization In Turkey

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Globalization is the concept through which regional markets join in using a universal network to improve governmental ideas via communication, transport and trade. The concept is closely related to that of economic globalization which integrates national economies into the international economy. Such integration is achieved by trade, foreign direct investment, capital flows, and migration. Bhagwati (2004) observes that at a higher level it can incorporate the spread of technology and military presence. The ideology bears its continuity to economic, technological, socio-cultural, political and biological factors to a larger extent as Sheila (2004) points it out.

As a term it was first presented by Pastor Taze Russell, in what he termed as ‘corporate giants’ back in 1897. Economists and social scientists however came to use the term widely only in the 1960s. The term has elucidated a lot of definitions and interpretations claiming history to the great movements of trade and empire across Asia and the Indian Ocean to which Hopkins dates back to the 15th century (Hopkins, 2004).

Globalization assists in the diminution or eradication of constraints by States in relation to exchanges across borders. Further to this, the said diminution and eradication of State border constraints kindles an increase and integration of multifaceted global systems of production. This has ultimately led to improved levels of exchange of goods and services. Thomas Friedman is of the opinion that globalization is a growing phenomenon and with that will have enormous influence in the business organization and practice just like globalized trade, outsourcing, supply chaining and political forces have had in the past (Friedman, 2008). Globalization can thus b...

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Friedman, Thomas L. (2008). The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention. Barclay Barrios: Bedford,

St. Martins.

Hopkins, A. G. (2004). Globalization in World History. Norton.

Kim, T., & Zurlo, K. (2009). How Does Economic Globalisation Affect The Welfare State?

Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Welfare Regimes. International Journal of Social Welfare, 18(2), 130-141. Doi:10.1111/j.1468-2397.2008.00575.x

Nadeem, S. (2009). Macaulay’s (Cyber) Children: The Cultural Politics of Outsourcing in India.

Ollila, E. (2005). Global Health Priorities-Priorities of the Wealthy? Globalization and Health.

Available at http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/content/1/1/6

Sheila L. Croucher. (2004). Globalization and Belonging: The Politics of Identity in a Changing

World. Rowman &b Littlefield.

Stiglitz J. (2006) making Globalization Work. New York, NY, Norton.
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