Globalization Essay

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Globalization - is the process by which the world is transformed into a single global system. The question of globalization has become very relevant in the 1990s, although various aspects of this process seriously discussed by scientists, beginning with the 1960-1970s.
Globalization of the economy - this world transformation into a single area where freely move information, goods and services, capital, where ease and spread ideas freely move their media, encouraging the development of modern institutions and debugging mechanisms of their interaction.
Globalization implies the formation of a single (universal) international economic, legal and cultural and information space. In other words, the phenomenon of globalization goes beyond the purely economic framework and has a significant impact on all major areas of public life - politics , ideology and culture . He will undoubtedly play a decisive role in the global economy in the XXI., giving a powerful impetus to the formation of a new system of international economic and political relations.
First, globalization is caused by objective factors of global development, the deepening of the international division of labor , scientific and technical progress in the field of transport and communications, which reduces the so-called economic distance between countries. Allowing to obtain necessary information from anywhere in real time and make decisions quickly, modern telecommunication systems unprecedentedly easy to organize the international capital investment, co-production and marketing . In the context of information integration of the world much faster transfer of technology and management experience of foreign borrowing. The prerequisites for such processes of globalization, whic...

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...riorities and value systems leave their imprint on all major spheres of internationalization. Overwhelming majority (85 - 90%) of all TNCs based in developed countries, but these corporations in recent years have created and in developing countries. By the end of the 1990s. There were about 4.2 thousand Latin America and East TNK TNK and several hundred in the European transition economies. Among the fifty largest TNCs from developing countries belong to eight South Korea, the same - China, seven - Mexico, six - Brazil, four - Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore, three - and one of Malaysia Thailand, the Philippines and Chile. Young multinationals in these countries, such as South Korean "Daewoo" and "Samsung", the Chinese "China CHEMICALS" Taiwanese "Ta-tung," Mexican "Kemeks" Brazilian "Petroleo Brazilero" and others vigorously fighting for a place in the world market.

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