Global Politics After World War II

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Central to the entire discipline of global politics after the Second World War, is the concept of European Integration. In the aftermath of the Second World War, Europe found itself in a state of economic devastation and with various problems to solve. Besides, the continent was soon to be divided into two major spheres of influence by the beginning of the Cold War. The Cold War was a constant state of political and military tension amongst powers in the Western Bloc (the United States) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies) (Judt, 2005, p.1). Soon after the beginning of the conflict, several treaties and institutions were established in order to create collaboration between Western European states. The objective of this research is to examine at what extent the Cold War played a role in European Integration between 1945 and 1957. In order to explain its contribution I will observe the different events and aspects of the European Integration process which can be explained by the Cold War dynamics. The first section of this paper will examine the period after the Second World War, while the second section will focus on the early stages of European Integration and of the Cold War. 2. After the Second World War One of the main aspects in the changing attitudes of powerful actors after the Second World War was the devastation and loss provoked by the conflict. Nationalism and the emergence of fascism were good examples of complications caused by an absence of cooperation amongst European states and many debated the option of a new European system of close cooperation (Judt, 2005, p.6). The several plans introduced contributed to the construction of what is now called the European Union. Ide... ... middle of paper ... ...blem and European Integration; in: Dinan, Desmond (ed.): Origins and Evolution of the European Union; Oxford:Oxford University Press, • Ludlow, N. P. (2007). European Integration and the Cold War: Ostpolitik-Westpolitik, 1965-1973. London: Taylor & Francis. • Truman, H. S. (n.d.). American Rhetoric: Harry S. Truman - "The Truman Doctrine". American Rhetoric. Retrieved January 28, 2014, from http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/harrystrumantrumandoctrine.html • cvce.eu. (n.d.). The Soviet attitude to the EEC. Retrieved January 31, 2014, from http://www.cvce.eu/obj/the_soviet_attitude_to_the_eec-en-cb26e6ca-3aa2-4262-8185-956be3e6861d.html • Truman, H. S. (n.d.). Address given by Harry S. Truman (Washington, 4 April 1949). CVCE. Retrieved January 30, 2014, from http://www.cvce.eu/content/publication/1999/1/1/f2943eb8-39e3-42f1-acd4-19b65227ec5d/publishable_en.pdf

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