Women of the Civil War Women may have been little recognized for their contributions to the war effort, but they were not untouched (Civil War Women). The women of the Civil War held many jobs and contributed greatly to the war. Loreta Velazquez disguised herself as a Confederate soldier and Rose O’Neal Greenhow was a spy for the Confederates and Louisa May Alcott was a nurse for the Union soldiers. During the Civil War, women disguise themselves as men to help the war efforts. They disguised themselves for many reasons including: to fight for their country, to fight for their rights, to fight along side their husbands (A, B, C.) Loreta Velazquez was one of many women soldiers, she disguised herself as a soldier when her husband left for war and did not take her (Chang 50).
In the beginning of the 1900’s women could not do much of anything in the male dominated political world. Woman could not vote, serve on juries, or hold any type of political office (Evans par 1). It was a common belief that women and men’s roles should not overlap; (Benner par 2) however, during World War One many women worked out of the home for the first time (Davidson 681). They filled the vacant jobs men left when they were shipped out to fight overseas (Davidson 681). Many women activists rallied for the 19th amendment to be passed in the early 1900’s, but the U.S. president at the time, Woodrow Wilson, had many other issues he felt were more prominent.
The Civil War was a fight between the north and the south. During this war, women had many roles that contributed to the outcome; the women helped fought in the war; they acted as nurses, and the Civil War affected them significantly. Women helped fought in the Civil War in a number of ways, even though it may not be physically. Women at this point in time were prohibited to join the military; yet, over 400 women assisted as soldiers in the Civil War. In order to join the military, they had to disguise themselves as men and change their names to something more masculine.
Women in combat have served as long as men have and for many years have not been treated as equally as the men. For example, during World War II men have had all of the military status but women have been cut to 2 percent for the full military status (Global Issues). Women in the past could not be on front lines and didn’t get encouragement from the government. However in 1973, women were encouraged to join the military and finally got the same amount of respect and status as the men (Manilla Bulletin). Since the women did not have the same benefits as the men, the military changed the rule that gave women the same opportunity as the men.
Because the many contributions of women during WWII went unnoticed, even today, Americans need to learn the sacrifices many women made while still being treated as less than a man. Only from these mistakes can the United States learn to recognize the women that serve this country on a daily basis. Before WWII, women knew their place. Carol Harris of BBC News says, “In the 1930s, social roles were clearly defined. A woman's place was in the home, a man's place was out at work.
Although women are not fighting on the front lines, they help in many different ways in the military such as being nurses and women Air force Service Pilots. In his career, General Martin Dempsey has noticed an improvement in the culture, discipline, and physical prowess since women first joined the military (Harris 2). Leon E. Panetta once stated that women are willing to fight and die alongside men, proving that everyone is committed to the job (Roulo 2). In November of 2012, four female soldiers planned to sue the Department of Defense because the “brass ceiling” was stopping them from proving they could fight (Harris 1). The American Civil Liberties Union and others supported them because they thought the military was discriminating against women (Harris 1).
Web. 28 Sept. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/women-who-fought-for
"Women and Work." Women and Work. WESTGA EDU, Web. 11 May 2014. http://www.westga.edu/~hgoodson/Women%20and%20Work.htm Right." Merriam-Webster.