Gettysburg The battle at Gettysburg is said to be one of the most significant battles throughout the Civil War. Lee and his Confederate army suffered conflicting view among leaders and underestimated the Union forces. Besides President Lincolns famous "Gettysburg Address" speech, that reevaluated Americas purpose for fighting this war, and hoped to reunite the country by restated the Constitution through his own words. This is one piece of history that every soldier, Union or Confederate, could identify. It can be argued that the defeat at Gettysburg cost the Confederate army the Civil War.
The victories by the Union at Petersburg and Richmond led General Robert E. Lee to surrender at Appomattox. This effectively brought the most horrifying war in American History to an end. Many American soldiers died but not in vein. They fought for our country and to help hold it together. These battles and many more just show us how horrible war was, but without these battles America wouldn’t be what it is today, a unified and free country.
Up to this point the rebels were winning battles with the successful leadership of their Southern generals. The Union was in trouble; their armies were getting beaten even while out numbering and being better supplied than their foes. The North, by winning this battle, had crushed the rebel's spirits and had stopped the seemingly invincible Army of Northern Virginia, and had ended the Confederate army terrorizing of the Union. Now history tells that Gettysburg was an important battle, but many people do not know the significance of the end results of this massive battle. Gettysburg was the major turning point in the Civil War.
As the divide grew, tempers and attitudes flared, as d... ... middle of paper ... ... Civil War because it transferred the upper hand from the Confederates ultimately sealing the Union’s victory. After the Battle of Gettysburg, the tides turned. Lee’s army no longer poses a threat in northern territory and the north could then take over southern cities, beginning its efforts towards restoration of the Union. After the Confederacy lost, southern people began to reconsider the reasons behind the war and fighting. Also, the fact of this war being the highest casualty number ever at this point in history, people no longer wanted to enlist or support the battling.
This paper will give an overview of the history, execution, and lessons learned from this battle, with a primary focus on the Union’s victory and Grant’s contributions. History At the time of this battle, the overall spirits of the Union and North were low, due to recent defeats. “After the stinging defeats in the summer and autumn of 1861 at Bull Run and Ball’s Bluff.”1 The Cumberland River and area north of Nashville into Kentucky was a stronghold for the Confederate Army, and the only thing that stood in between the Union Army in the Western Campaign and ... ... middle of paper ... ...tunity to push through and defeat the Confederates. A violent and continuous momentum by the Union, and tactical placement of additional Union forces kept the Confederate forces on a continuous defense, never being able to formulate a good offense. The value of joint forces and synchronization between the two became evident, and adjusting the tactical plan when a primary course of action fails (i.e.
The war effort united Southerners under a unity of purpose in the early days of fighting, but after 1863, as the war waged on and years passed, Southerners began to lose faith in the Confederacy (Perman, 229). In addition to a crumbling national identity, the necessities of war diminished morale among citizens of the Confederacy. Early on, the South believed that Europe would a... ... middle of paper ... ...ew the war he was fighting was not an epic Napoleonic battle but a war of attrition. He proceeded with his plan to slowly shrink Confederate territory and destroy Lee's army to the point that the South could no longer mount a viable defense. Eventually Grant succeeded and Lee's men were all that remained of the Confederate army.
Then going over the remainder of the war and how Vicksburg’s fall effected it. After all of the researching I found the answer. Without supplies an army can’t function and the Confederates relied on one location for that. The battle of Vicksburg was the most important battle in the Civil War because it cut off the supply route between the two divisions of the Confederates. If Robert E. Lee’s army actually did win the battle of Gettysburg but lost Vicksburg, the outcome of the war would have been the same.
Fort Donelson, Tennessee, guarding the Cumberland River, became the site of the first major Confederate defeat in the Civil War. Victory at Donelson started Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant on his road to Appomattox and the White House. His cool judgment under pressure saved the day after the Confederates threatened to break his troop lines, yet errors by his opponents handed him a victory that he did not fully earn on his own. Possession of the better part of two states vital to the South depended on the outcome of the battle at Fort Donelson. When war began in April 1861, Kentucky declared its neutrality, in response to deep conflicts of opinion among its citizens.
Lee had thought over this matter for days, and finally decided to resign from the union forces and offer his help to the confederacy. When Lee reached Richmond, Virginia had succeeded and they had a... ... middle of paper ... ...hrew strong attacks at the union forces, but was repulsed with heavy losses. The battle of Gettysburg was the largest battle ever fought in North America. He was criticized for attempting an impossible battle, the union forces had and advantageous position and more men. After Gettysburg, Lee retreated back to Virginia for the rest of the war.
The South still feels they should have won the war, but the defeat they, as a nation, suffered in the Western Theater made it impossible to win; the Siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi turned the war for the Union. Vicksburg was the turning point of the war, and the Union was going to win the war from this point. The Eastern Theater was where the most intense fighting in the war occurred, but the Western Theater was where the Civil War was determined; Vicksburg proved this fact. Gettysburg may have been the biggest battle in the war, but Vicksburg was the turning point, and if the city had never been taken, then the American Civil War could have had a different outcome.