(R. Little , Editor) Retrieved Feb. 03, 2014, from The A1C Test and Diabetes: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/A1CTest/ Norman, G. D., & Steyn, P. S. (2013). The Intrauterine Device in Women with Diabetes Mellitus Type I and II: A systematic Review. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 1-11. Retrieved January 21, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24396605
The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells” (Diabetes Mellitus). That is to say that “People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia” (“Diagnosis”). In order to seek the proper care for diabetes, patients must undergo: distinguishing its symptoms, classifying if it is pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, and the proper treatment. The first step to knowing if you have diabetes is to identify its symptoms.
Type 2 is when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the insulin is not working correctly. Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy (Christian). If a person has diabetes no matter what type it means that there is too much glucose in the blood, and this could cause serious health problems (Christian). Insulin is a natural hormone made by the pancreas which is found behind the stomach that controls the level of sugar glucose in the blood. It is important that the body have insulin because it permits cells to use glucose for energy.
Nursing has a large impact in helping children and their parents better manage and understand the lifelong disease process. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is considered to be an autoimmune disorder. This is due to the destruction of beta cells in the pancreas which leads to complete metabolic deficiency of insulin. According to the article A Children’s Nurse’s Role in the Global Development of a Child with Diabetes Mellitus, “Type 1 is the most common endocrine disorder in children and may present at any age” (J. Kenny, D. Corkin, 2013, 22). One of the ways that nurses care for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus is through teaching.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the body move sugar from your blood into your muscles and cells for energy and storage. Type 2 diabetes can come in two forms; .1. Form one is when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin for the body. These patients would have to compensate with things such as insulin shots. My maternal first cousin has this health issue.
...Environment, Beta Cell stress. http://www.diabetesandenvironment.org/home/mech/betacells 2: Jack, L (2003) Biopsychosocial factors affecting metabolic control among female adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum, 16 (3), 154-159. 3: Briscoe VJ, Davis SN (2006) Hypoglycaemia in Type 1 and 2 Diabetes: Physiology, pathophysiology and management. Clinical Diabetes, 24 (3), 115-121 4: Evers IM, De Valk HW, Visser GHA (2004) Risk of complications of pregnancy in women with Type 1 diabetes: Nationwide prospective study in the Netherlands.
There are three types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational diabetes. There are many factors that play into the development of this disease. Type 1 diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. In Type 2 the body still makes insulin, but is not using it correctly, resulting in elevated blood sugars. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy, but goes away after birth.
Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes are the main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs in people before the age of 30 while type 2, the most common type, occurs after this age. Gestational diabetes occurs in women only during pregnancy, but it leads to a risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. They all have to do with a lack or resistance of insulin, therefore, diabetics have to prick their finger, wear an insulin pump, or get insulin injections to keep it under control. (Mayo Clinic, 2013) Diabetes may seem like an awful disease to have, but if it is monitored well the risks of major complications are greatly decreased.