Having Gestational Diabetes can be a significant problem in pregnancy but it does not mean that women worldwide cannot have a successful pregnancy. Having this complication means that the woman should make changes that can influence the safety of her and baby. Meaning that she should take her treatment plan seriously, following her prescribed diet, and monitoring her glucose level, followed by her prescribed medications. After pregnancy gestational diabetes should go away, the mother should continue to do exercise routines and follow a healthy meal plan after pregnancy because she still could be at risk for diabetes mellitus two.
Gestational diabetes is a disorder characterized by impaired ability to metabolize carbohydrates, usually caused by a deficiency of insulin resistance, occurring in pregnancy (Seibel, 2009). After the baby is delivered the disorder disappears but in few cases it has returned as type 2 diabetes. There are many factors that increase the risk in women to acquire the disorder, being overweight prior to becoming pregnant, a family history of diabetes, having too much amniotic fluid, and having sugar in your urine are just some of them (Namak, 2010). During a normal pregnancy tissue resistance to insulin is present, and weight gain and presence of placental hormones can contribute to this insulin resistance ( Gutierrez, 2007). Pregnant women require two to three times more insulin than a woman who is not pregnant, and the insulin production and increased tissue resistance causes this glucose intolerance or increased blood sugar levels or gestational diabetes ( Gutierrez, 2007).
Type 1 is usually caused by one not having enough insulin. Type 2 can be caused by genes, obesity, and insulin resistance. This form is the most common. Gestational diabetes is caused by the change of hormones during a pregnancy and possibly genes. Although this type of diabetes disappears after a woman’s pregnancy, she is at risk to have type 2 diabetes later in life.
Mothers who exclusively breastfeed usually do not menstruate for up to a year after giving birth. However, when the baby feeds less at night, the mother may start having her periods sooner, within 3-8 months. Mothers who supplement their feedings with milk formula are ... ... middle of paper ... ... old or older. Solid foods should be given to provide added nutrition, not to substitute for breastfeeding. It is important to remember that the key to successful use of breastfeeding for birth control is to maintain the frequency of breastfeeding.
During pregnancy the placenta develops and becomes the main bond between the mother and the baby. It is used to make sure the baby has and gets enough nutrients. The placenta makes several hormones which make it hard for insulin to control blood glucose and block the action of the mother’s insulin in her body (American Diabetes Association, 2010). Hormonal changes during the pregnancy causes the body to be less sensitive to insulin. Insulin has the job of opening up the cells so that the glucose can get inside regulating the amount of glucose in the blood while glucose is the amount of sugar in the blood stream.
Keeping records of an expecting mother’s weight and blood pressure throughout pregnancy to make sure they are within the recommended range helps catch issues early. The expecting mother can have her blood tested to check for certain genetic markers that would detect certain diseases in the fetus to include, cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, and tay-sachs disease (Kirkham, Harris, & ... ... middle of paper ... ...ther it is by telephone or some sort of computer based system. Cost will be a barrier to many of the recommendations made. If the government is serious about lowering the maternal mortality rate and increasing maternal health status, they will have to allocate some funds to the cause. If the government creates regulatory and accreditation agencies to enforce new referral policies and transportation issues, they can then charge healthcare facilities fees for not abiding to the policies and generate income that way.
A home pregnancy test should not be done earlier than 10 days after you ovulate; it is ideally taken after missing your period. Miscalculating your expected period. Many women miscalculate when their period is due and take a pregnancy test too soon. Charting your basal body temperature (BBT) and recording your menstrual cycle dates may help avoid any confusion. Urine is diluted.
If you regularly have more than 200mg of caffeine during your pregnancy, it could increase the risk of a miscarriage or your baby having a low birth weight. A low birth weight may mean your baby has some health problems when he’s born or in the future. Also caffeine can cause complications in the pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Caffeine consumption during pregnancy is harmful to the developing the baby’s brain. Doctors suggest that careful studies should be performed to evaluate the efforts of caffeine consumption by pregnant women.
“Gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnancy can lead to a greater risk of cardiovascular disease in the newborn such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. This is a result of increased levels of oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators present during pregnancy” (Petry 2014). The placenta also serves as a buffer to prevent glucose from entering the fetus. In a normal pregnancy the mother supplies the fetus with a constant supply of nutrients via the placenta for growth and development. In the case of gestational diabetes mellitus, there is an excess amount of glucose that is produced in high levels and the placenta is not able to buffer the excess glucose which results in complications t... ... middle of paper ... ...ucose intolerance she also faces the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus in subsequent pregnancies.
The risk of gestational diabetes is higher in women who are over 30 years old, have a family history of diabetes, are obese, and those who have previously had a macrosomic baby. Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Screening for gestational diabetes has become routine in prenatal care and usually takes place ... ... middle of paper ... ...insulin adjustments becomes a primary goal. Most women with gestational diabetes return to normal glucose tolerance postpartum, however, they are at increased risk of developing gestational diabetes in any additional pregnancies and for getting type 2 diabetes later in life. Lifestyle modifications aimed at reducing or preventing weight gain and increasing physical activity after pregnancy is recommended and can reduce the risk of subsequent diabetes. Medical nutrition therapy for people with GD should be individualized based on a persons, height, weight, physical activity, food aversions, and other medical conditions.