This type of perception helps the therapist to listen to key points in the story to help the client know the issue is not a usual part of their character and change and re-author the story. Story telling gives “…meaning to circumstances in lives” (pp. 212). It is used as a form of community work and counseling and encourages people to rely on their own skill sets to minimize the problems that exist in their everyday lives. It holds the belief that a person’s identity is formed by experiences or narratives.
Gestalt therapy helps clients focus on the here-and-now experience and helps them recognize their awareness by using different techniques during therapy. The reason why I decided to focus on this theoretical orientation was because in contrast to other therapies, the client is deeply involved in the therapy; coming up with their conclusions and discovering their self-awareness in the process, which helps them recognize their self, instead of continuing to focus on their ideal self. With the client being aware of their emotion, thoughts, and their environment, they will be able have insight on what they can do to resolve their current problems and have a holistic view of life. The therapist’s goal is to facilitate the therapy, focusing on the clients verbal and nonverbal behaviors, assisting them to be more self-reliant, and helping them focus on the present. During therapy, there is a continuous dialogue between the client and the therapist, in which the therapist shows warmth and acceptance (Jones-Smith, 2012).
Introduction Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) emphasizes the importance of thoughts on producing behaviors. The fundamental principle of CBT is for counselors to assist clients in changing their negative thought patterns and recreate these into positive self-enhancing thoughts. The therapeutic relationship is grounded on collaboration between the counselor and the client. The counselor plays an active role but relies on the client to make changes. Together, the counselor and client will develop realistic goals that are achievable within an appropriate amount of time (Corey, 2017).
Specifying the difference between many part together versus one whole. Gestalt therapy focuses on the here and now basing its experiments in physiological and existential thoughts. In this theory people are not just products of their environment but extensions of their environments (Corey,194). In a Gestalt approach session clients are asked to become aware of themselves and their experience in the present moment. In grounding themselves in the present they can change their current situation.
A feminist therapist must be aware that like the client, she or he is immersed in patriarchal beliefs therefore the process of developing methods of empowerment and recognition of disempowerment is continual. Feminist therapist must also be open to an ongoing exploration on the influence of patriarchal assumptions of privilege and hierarchy on her or his work and the lives of clients. The outcome of treatment is not based on treatment goals rather focus is placed on a collaborative approach with the client to reach empowerment. This process is assessed by therapists, through clients’ self-report and satisfaction. Throughout sessions, feminist therapists ask clients about their goals and suggest methods of achieving those goals.
Research conducted by Dr. Pederson defined the culture centered therapy by “assumes that cultural factors complicate counseling but, in a positive way, and that behaviors have no meaning until they are understood in the cultural context” (Pederson, page 1). In a session, a counselor should explore the client’s context, focus on patterns and themes, and reflect on culturally mediated meanings (Pederson, page 2). A counselor should listen to the client and avoid stereotypes. In addition to explore the client’s context, we also need to monitor our own verbal and nonverbal expressions. These expressions are known as micro counseling skills.
Adlerian therapy emphasizes the impact family and early experiences have on the client’s overall view of the world. Adlerian therapy allows the client to tell their individual story from their own perspective without placing judgment or opinion on how other’s may view the situation. Adlerian therapy focuses on the bigger picture of one’s life. This approach allows individuals to gain insight about themselves, purpose of life, and how to escape the negative perceptions of self, others, and the systems of which they are a member. After exploring these areas, individuals are then able to identify areas of need and develop goals for themselves away from the negativity.
I am very interested in finding a practitioner/specialist in behavior therapy and focusing on my behavior. I would also like to take a closer look at rational emotive behavior therapy. Since the client and clinician work together to focus on treating the patient in the now and build a rational philosophy of life and live a rational lifestyle. Clients can also learn to use the ABC system for understanding their own issues as well as the foundation of those issues. I am interested in managing myself rather than staying in counseling for years.
Furthermore, Gestalt therapy aides the client in integrating parts of themselves and resolving unfinished business that could be contributing to current problems (Smith, 2012). To achieve these positive changes, as a therapist I will need to frustrate the client in order to generate motivation to self-actualize (Smith, 2012). Additionally, helping the client learn how to create healthy contact boundaries with others and their environment will decrease maladaptive behaviors.
These theories are usually hosen based on the client needs and what the counselor feel will be most effective. Counselors are not limited to just one theory when it comes to treating their clients. Theories can be used in conjunction with one another to effectively treat clients. Counseling does not just involve theories alone, it in involves some amount of talking with the person. The talking should be aimed at helping the person solve the problem(s), improve outlook, and/or aid in the client changing their behavior(s) (Woods, 2005).