A large portion of the duchy of Holstein was of German origin and spoke German the population was more mixed in Schleswig with a Danish minority. Diplomatic attempts to have the November Constitution repealed collapsed and fighting began when Prussian and Austrian tro... ... middle of paper ... ...he balance of power, started the arms race, and lead to world war I. this is seen in the essay as we see that Germany become too powerful and too aggressive lead to alliances between nations. Unfortunately for Germany they choose the wrong allies and didn’t try to have strong allies. When Wilhelm the second attacked France in 1914 this started the alliances that lead to world war I. if Germany would have followed Bismarck’s way and hadn’t become too aggressive they would have had a better chance of staying longer as an empire, but because of Wilhelm recklessness it ended up with Germany going to war with almost the whole world which dramatically lead to Germans retreat and lose. It also started an arms race when Wilhelm started to rival Britain’s navy with his own and with the development of gases this lead to countries trying to become militarized more and more.
In 1866, he went to war against Austria, since he wanted to destroy German confederation established 1815. Bismarck made a speech about the German Unification called the blood and iron speech. Austrians declared War on Prussia, cries of ‘’on the Berlin” filled streets of Paris. The cause of immediate confrontation between France and Prussia disputed over one vacant European throne. Spain was the country with one vacant throne.
Within the context of the years 1789-1890, to what extent was the process of the unification of Germany shaped by war? Introduction: Previously to 1815 in central Europe, Germany consisted of 39 independent states, belonging to the Holy Roman Empire, which shared the same culture and language. In 1806 there was a shift in power as Napoleon I destroyed the Holy Roman Empire and 17 states were placed under direct French control in the Confederation of the Rhine. However, Prussia was determined to regain its position as the leading German state and in an alliance with Russia and Austria, Napoleon was defeated in 1814. In 1815, after Napoleon’s defeat, the Austrian Empire replaced the French control that was previously in place leading to the formation of the German Confederation.
The Unification of Germany Bismarck Otto von Bismarck achieved the unification of the disjointed German states through the skillful understanding of realpolitikand the Machiavellian use of war as a political tool to eliminate Germany's rival nations, gain the support of the German people and gain territory. This ultimately created a German legacy of strong militaristic tendencies, scheming national relations, and economic clout challenging the European heavyweights like England and France. Bismarck's plan for unification began with his instigation of war with the small German states of Schleswig and Holstein over an insignificant dispute concerning the governing of the states. Bismarck's next move was to bring on a war with Austria resulting from minor disputes over the Schleswig-Holstein conflict. With a victory for Prussia in this second conflict, Bismarck's remaining European rival was France.
The internal customs duties were replaced by a single tariff charge at the Prussian State frontier, and a customs union was established with Prussia at the head. The Zollverein opened up the many different independent German states to each other, making them economically dependent on each other and Prussia. One reason Germany was unified under Prussia was partially because of the economic power and control granted it through the Zollverein. In 1863 the Danish king tried to annex Schleswig, which has been a duchy of Denmark along with Holstein for some time. Since the Danish king was duke of Schleswig he was not supposed to annex it.
The people of the nation were beginning to lose faith not only in their government, but also in democracy itself. Relevant History Prior to World War I Under Otto von Bismarck’s leadership, Prussia underwent three wars that led to the formation of Germany in its modern form: the Schleswig-Holstein War (1864), the Austro-Prussian War (1866), and the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). The Schleswig-Holstein War was fought by Austria and Germany together against Denmark over control of the small principalities of Schleswig and Holstein located in Northern Germany. Soon after, Germany and Austria disputed the territorial standing of the new provinces. Due to careful political fashioning by Bismarck, Prussia gained a victory in this dispute through the Austro-Prussian War.
Bismarck feared that Russia might leané å‘ to France against Germany. In 1881 Bismarck convinced Czar Alexander III to conclude the ... ... middle of paper ... ... the Alliance System was likely to change a local war to a general war with its chain-effecté€£éŽ–åæ‡‰. After the Sarajevo Assassinationå¡žæ‹‰è€¶å¼—äº‹ä»¶ of June 1914, Germany supported Austria-Hungary unconditionally against both Serbia and Russia. She also declared war on France since France was Russia's ally. Yet not all the powers entered the First World War because of the Alliance System.
When an uprising occurred in France, the German liberals decided that they too would start to push their own claims. The violent revolutions of 1848 scared princes such as Metternic... ... middle of paper ... ...nto declaring war on Prussia. The south German states came to their aid and they had a glorious victory. Meanwhile Bismarck won the consent of the South German states to unite Germany with Prussia at its head. He had achieved his task and in January 1871 the Prussian King proclaimed the German empire.
To truly understand the German situation and its multiple struggles for unification, it is important to know the history of the present day Germany. This history is a very unique one, one very different from other European nations such as France and Britain. Therefore one can draw sharp contrasts between the process of national unification in Germany as compared to France or Britain. However, once established; “Compared with its historical precursors in England and France, industrialization in Germany occurred late, quickly, and thoroughly”. Early German history can be traced back to the House of the Hohenzollern.
World War I was caused in part by the two opposing alliances developed after the Franco-Prussian War. In order to diplomatically cut off ... ... middle of paper ... ...rbia on July 28, 1914. On July 29, Russia ordered a partial mobilization only against Austria-Hungary in support of Serbia, which escalated into a full mobilization. The Germans threatened war on July 31 if the Russians did not demobilize. Upon being asked by Germany what it would do in the event of a war between Russia and Germany, Francereplies that it would act in its own interests and mobilized.