Germanic tribes and the fall of rome

2106 Words9 Pages
Rome, the once mighty empire, has one of the most well-known collapses in history. It is written about by historians then and now and is studied by many disciplines. Though there are many factors in this decline, including civil wars and the depletion of the army and taxes, it is certain that the Germanic tribes that surrounded the empire had a part in the fall of the western portion. It could be argued that their role was both critical and that Rome itself brought on its own downfall. In order to understand the behavior of people, one must first understand the culture. Archaeological evidence portrays a violent people who engaged in warfare regularly. Graves have been excavated containing swords, axes, spears, and other fighting material, and the bones of the dead have shown evidence of a violent lifestyle. In the Bronze Age violence was contained to tribal wars, small scale and local. But with the Iron Age came a large scale tribal migration, for reasons yet unknown. It is possible that the tribes were seeking more land for farming, or had heard of great opportunities for raiding and plundering along the Roman border. When such a large population of people moves to new lands, they will clash with either indigenous people already living there or with each other in a battle for resources. The high possibility of violence meant that everyone who could fight did. Early on in life youth learned how to wield weapons from their elders and tribes would band together for regular raiding expeditions. Though it would be a long time before warriors could be mustered in a large, unified force, there was now a population of people who could all wage war in a moment’s notice. These people were fierce and individual tribes could become individual units in a larger army, a strategy that Rome trained their soldiers to do. This came naturally to the Germanic people, and it resulted

More about Germanic tribes and the fall of rome

Open Document