Emergence of Anti-Semitism in Germany Toward the End of the Weimar Republic There were many different factors that resulted in anti-Semitism emerging so strongly in Germany towards the end of the Weimar Republic. These factors included the instability of the economy during the reign of the Weimar Republic, the lingering anger over the way the Weimar Republic Governing Body had so easily accepted the Treaty of Versailles, and Germany's need for a great leader who would guide Germans to triumph. From the beginning the Weimar Republic was doomed, it being a republic that had been born out of a military defeat. One that so few Germans could accept. It was beset with many problems, leading many Germans either to withhold support from the Parliamentary Democracy or to seek actively to destroy it.
This was a noteworthy cause for German unification as it had extensive repercussions between the relationship amongst the Prussians and Austrians. Ever since the defeat at Olmutz on the 29th September 1851, the Prussians felt embarrassed when the breakdown of the Erfurt union occurred, where they later submitted to Austria. Many Prussians harbored a profound yearning to remove the feeling of failure on their pride and to recover their previous poise, finishing peaceful dualism. This perhaps is the best marker that it was the Prussian patriotism, not nationalism that created the cause of unification. Additionally, the Prussian patriotism led to the prompted unification of Germany, within the war of Austria in 1866.
Since the German nation was used to being ruled, rather than ruling itself, it was a hard transition to accomplish. Democracy was a new concept within Germany and many people were willing to look to the left and right wings for political leadership. Also World War One had created an unsettling influence on the people of Germany and the establishment of Weimar, with its wish for freedom and democracy hoped to settle this. In essence Weimar faced many problems from the outset; it had to cope with not only political challenges, but economic problems, structural weaknesses and the legacy of World War One. Weimar had also inherited the ruins of a conquered autocracy, a ruined economy and two ruthlessly anti-democratic political extremes The Weimar Republic did not start on a good footing, since the first president was not democratically elected; instead Friedrich Ebert took the first oath of constitution on Prince Max’s command.
Previous to this Germany had thought they would win the war because of the information being fed to them by the Kaiser. They would associate bad news to this new government; giving democracy a bad name. Nevertheless some people did welcome the end of the war and the new beginning supporting Ebert. Yet, some people went as far to say they had been 'stabbed-in-the-back' by Ebert - they blamed him and the new government for their loss. I could infe... ... middle of paper ... ... people who would gain from the inflation.
They did this hastily, comprehensively and most importantly, aggressively. The "Weltpolotik" of Germany meant consolidation and increase of power. They wanted an empire, and to achieve this they needed economic stability and subsequently milita... ... middle of paper ... ... united Germany, then there would not have been the desire which plagued them and Europe, and ultimately started war. However, it would be unfair not to recognise the other factors. Nationalism significantly altered the political structure of Europe; the unstable Balkans were both unknown and feared; and probably all the leaders of all the major powers have some blame for the war.
The Treaty stated that Germany was to pay reparations of £6600 million, to be military restricted and to loose territory. This caused resentment from the German public and many wanted the Treaty to be overthrown, they felt as though they had been ‘stabbed in the back’ by their own government. The government clamed they co... ... middle of paper ... ...ul. Looking over the strengths and weaknesses the Weimar Republic had, I think by 1928 it was becoming more stable. Although Germany still had the fear of America withdrawing it’s loan, and many people of high administrative positions would have preferred to return to monarchy, and the matter of resentment, I believe that they came through it quite well.
The Christian's became jealous of the Jew... ... middle of paper ... ...n Russia they could become Communist Ministers. In Germany and Russia a new government brought hope to Jews. In some ways life changed for the better for some Jewish Russians and Germans between 1880 and 1920. The degree of change was obviously different in each country, even though Germany and Russia have a lot of similarities. It would also take the upper classes a lot harder to change the way they thought of Jews, since in France it was the upper classes that mostly spoke out against Dreyfus.
Not until the Populist and Progressive movement, government had often intervened. Progressives prioritized the good nature of society as a whole, by asserting individual freedom that does not believe in laissez-faire ideology rooted in the idea that civil liberty can be protected by restricting the government power. Woodrow Wilson was known for b... ... middle of paper ... ...dentity. Progressives worked to improve the conditions of the poor, but many of them were racists and violently reinforced White supremacy that oppressed many African-Americans. Progressives supported democratic reforms, but many of them acquiesced the atrocious civil liberties violations of the First World war era’s Espionage Acts and Sedition Act.
However, the SA became increasingly eager for power and wanted greatly to replace the regular army, which angered and threatened many leaders within the party. The SS was then placed under the control of Heinreich Himmler by Hitler in part to limit the growth of the SA. Many of the conflicts between the SS and SA arose from political rivalries, but another factor involved was the socio-economic differences between the SS and SA. Members of the SS generally came from the middle class, whereas SA members came from the unemployed and working class. In political aspects, the SA was more radical than the SS, with its leaders arguing the Nazi revolution had not ended when Hitler achieved power, and that Germany needed to implement Socialism to a wider degree.
Hitler's Rise to Power In 1919 The Weimar Republic encountered harsh economic, social and political problems. After the new Democratic Republic signed the armistice it put Germany not only into an economic crisis, it also caused Ebert’s Republic to get off to an unpopular start. The new government were branded ‘The November Criminals’ even though they weren’t to be blamed, and were left little choice. Some people felt the government should be based on communism, and the Spartacist uprising in 1919 caused major political problems. In 1923 problems became more difficult, and it was seen as a major success to maintain political stability under these circumstances.