With the subsequent incorporation of accompaniment by other instruments and other musical styles, these characteristic rhythmic cells and vigorous drumbeats became intrinsic to the development of what would later become jazz (Evans 2-3). Marching bands became extensively throughout the nineteenth century due to the surplus drums and brass instruments formerly used by the military after the civil war, especially amongst black and Creole musicians. Thus, the syncopated polyrhythm of African music was mixed with traditional marching music and other popular musical styles, and became... ... middle of paper ... .... "Call and Response - The Sound of Collaboration." Institute For the Study of Knowledge Management In Education. 10 Oct. 2013: Web.
On arrival in America, they were exposed to western musical styles that include harmonies, tonal sounds, along with unique beats and rhythms. This resulted in a raw version of what we know as Jazz. Some components of early jazz are still found in the many modern forms of music such as soul and reggae. Ragtime, considered to be the earliest type of jazz, was introduced in the very late 1800’s and early 1900’s. Also, ragtime was considered one of the most decorative and popular styles of music.
The sound, with its new techniques that gave it a raw uniqueness, was able to capture America's curiousness, and make many fall head over heels for the new infectious sound. It drew in people from any age, race, and social status. This new genre was called jazz, and it became so popular that an era was named after it. Jazz is a blend of African American spiritual folk songs and faster upbeat Ragtime that uses a variety of beats and rhythms along with improvisations to captivate its audiences. Jazz music originated from the African American culture, but spread quickly through the rest of America as the African Americans migrated north for new work (Great Neck Publishing).
Once Ragtime became popular, African American spirituals were added to it. Blues Style would also become widely popular in America but specifically the North, right along the still prosperous Ragtime (Atkins 17). However, a new musical style was emerging onto the scene. Dixieland was a combination of Ragtime and improvisation and was played by a brass band. The Dixieland music style, unlike any of the other styles listed above, which were usually played on piano.
Ragtime was a very influential part of the development of jazz. Ragtime became very popular in the late 1800’s. Ragtime’s distinct style set it apart from the other genres. Syncopation is what defines this art form. This is when the loud accents fall in between the beats.
These great musicians used influences from all sources to develop these new genres of jazz and are renowned for their ability still today. The piano was pivotal to one of the first jazz-genre movements of the late 1800s to early 1900s; the development of ragtime. This genre developed in the New Orleans, due to the melding of the eclectic ethnicities that coexisted within this port city (Berlin 1994). Ragtime is named after its swing-like feel which is accomplished by accenting the off-beat; this is also commonly referred to as “ragging the beat” (Berlin 1994). This style was conceived through the mixing of the polyrhythmic styles of African Americans and the structured classical style of White Europeans (Berlin 1994).
Every class of people could enjoy this kind of music by simply going to music halls. On the other hand, Roaring Twenties was a period of time which marks color line upheavals. Although music in Gilded Age and Roaring Twenties are quite different about their styles, genres and lyrics; popular music and jazz music were both adaptions to the society’s movement during these two periods. In the 1870s, the society was experiencing a huge reform and movements, such as the Temperance Movement and anti-German movement. The latter one accelerated the rise of American composers, and the American artists started to replace the historical German orientation with French culture (Ogasapian).
"Wikia." Call of Duty Wiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2013. .
The popularity of jazz in America is attributed to the various styles, which are indicative of specific time periods. Jazz has been popular since around the late 1800s. Ragtime was the first form of jazz. It was developed in the 1890s in Louisiana (Jazz Styles 2000). Jazz is said to be the fundamental rhythms of human life and man's contemporary reassessment of his traditional values.
14 Nov. 2010 “Rock ‘n’ Roll Timeline 1877 to 1959.” Digitaldreamdoor.com. Web. 28 Nov. 2010 “Jazz/Blues Crossover.” Allmusic.com. 28 Nov. 2010 “Jelly Roll Morton.” Redhotjazz.com. 28 Nov. 2010 “Jazz History Lyrics-Jazz History.” 28 Nov. 2010 “The History of Rock and Roll.” History-of-rock.com.