George Washington

analytical Essay
1498 words
1498 words

George Washington
George Washington was commander in chief of the Continental army during the American Revolution and first president of the United States. He was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, on February 22, 1732. Washington was the oldest son of Augustine Washington and his second wife, Mary Ball Washington. His early education included the study of such subjects as mathematics, surveying, the classics, and "rules of civility." His father died in 1743, and soon thereafter George went to live with his half brother Lawrence. An early ambition to go to sea had been effectively discouraged by George's mother; instead, he turned to surveying, securing an appointment to survey Lord Fairfax's lands in the Shenandoah Valley. He helped lay out the Virginia town of Belhaven in 1749 and was appointed surveyor for Culpeper County. George accompanied his brother to Barbados in an effort to cure Lawrence of tuberculosis, but Lawrence died in 1752, soon after the brothers returned. George ultimately inherited the Mount Vernon estate. He first gained public notice when he was dispatched by Governor Robert Dinwiddie on a mission to warn the French commander at Fort Le Boeuf against further encroachment on territory claimed by Britain. Although only 22 years of age and lacking experience, he learned quickly, meeting the problems of recruitment, supply, and desertions with a combination of brashness and native ability that earned him the respect of his superiors.
In April 1754, on his way to establish a post at the Forks of the Ohio. Washington learned that the French had already erected a fort there. Warned that the French were advancing, he quickly threw up fortifications at Great Meadows aptly naming the entrenchment Fort Necessity, and marched to intercept advancing French troops. Commander Jumonville was killed and most of his men were captured. Washington pulled his small force back into Fort Necessity where he was overwhelmed by the French in an all-day battle fought in a drenching rain. Surrounded by enemy troops, with his food supply almost exhausted and his ammunition useless, Washington capitulated. Under the terms of the surrender signed that day, he was permitted to march his troops back to Williamsburg.
Washington's own military reputation was enhance...

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...s did his vigorous upholding of the excise law during the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania.
By March 1797, when Washington left office, the country's financial system was well established; the Indian threat east of the Mississippi had been largely eliminated; and Jay's Treaty and Pinckney's Treaty with Spain had enlarged U.S. territory and removed serious diplomatic difficulties. In spite of the animosities and conflicting opinions between Democratic-Republicans and members of the Hamiltonian Federalist party, the two groups were at least united in acceptance of the new federal government. Washington refused to run for a third term and, after a masterly Farewell Address in which he warned the United States against permanent alliances abroad, he went home to Mount Vernon. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Federalist John Adams. Although Washington reluctantly accepted command of the army in 1798 when war with France seemed imminent, he did not assume an active role. He preferred to spend his last years in happy retirement at Mount Vernon. In mid-December, Washington contracted acute laryngitis. He died at his estate on Dec. 14, 1799.

In this essay, the author

  • Describes george washington as the commander in chief of the continental army during the american revolution.
  • Narrates how washington threw up fortifications at great meadows and marched to intercept advancing french troops. he was overwhelmed by the french in an all-day battle.
  • Analyzes how washington's military reputation was enhanced, and he was promoted to colonel and appointed commander in chief of the virginia militia, with responsibility for defending the frontier.
  • Narrates how washington entered politics, serving in virginia's house of burgesses, and married martha dandridge custis. he was a delegate to the first and second continental congress.
  • Explains how washington took command of the troops surrounding british-occupied boston on july 3, devoting the next few months to training the undisciplined 14,000-man army and trying to secure urgent supplies.
  • Narrates how washington's plan to attack the british at monmouth failed due to lack of public support and his superiority to his rivals.
  • Explains that washington was responsible for the overall direction of the war. he railed at congress for its failure to supply troops and for bungling fiscal measures that frustrated his efforts.
  • Describes how washington headed the virginia delegation to the constitutional convention in philadelphia and was unanimously elected presiding officer.
  • Analyzes how washington's policy of neutrality angered the pro-french jeffersonians, and he agreed with the hamiltonians on the need for peace with great britain.
  • Explains how washington left office in march 1797, when the country's financial system was well established, the indian threat east of the mississippi had been largely eliminated, and the two groups were at least united in accepting the new federal government.
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