In Nineteen Eighty-Four Syme mentions how “Orthodoxy means not thinking --- not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness” this passage indicates that the Party is able to manipulate vast numbers of people, convincing them that they don’t need to think because the Party can think for them (53). Both books imply that keeping the society ignorant is key to having power, maintaining a society at a low level of enlightenment gives the government the power of control. Winston’s case for example, is very unique because Winston had knowledge, he did rebel, and because knowledge only hurts the Party, the Party had to go to extreme measures to insure Winston would no longer remain a threat to the Party’s power’ “Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shopes of your choosing”
He punishes people for criticizing his government, and he constantly puts out propaganda pretending that North Korea is the best country in the world. The citizens of North Korea have no choice but to believe the information their leaders feed them, because they don't have access to any other news sources. The Big Brother of North Korea, Kim Jong-un, is the ultimate decider of what is real and what is fake in his country. It's as if he's erasing a part of his country's history by keeping so much information from his people. And in the other direction, he's keeping information about his country from the outside world.
"They who can give up essential liberty to get a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety." (Benjamin Franklin) Nowadays, we are living in a world that technology has become one of the most important parts of our lives. We are always hearing about social networks, search engines, clouds, etc. These tools are very useful and we use them to make our everyday living easier. But sometimes we hear that this tool that we use, are being used by the government as a way to extract information from the people; their justification is that they are going into people´s privacy to assure the safety of the countries.
Ultimately, Nineteen Eighty Four has made me realize the immense power that governments have to control their people. I believe this is the case because as a civilization, we are dependent on our government. If it were to turn on us, we would be left like lost vulnerable children separated from their parents. We would have no direction, no security and no hope. Even though this is the harsh truth I have also learnt that this overdependence and vulnerability can be avoided by the promotion of self-expression and individuality.
It can defend a country, reform prisoners, treat the ill, and educate the public. It does this by creating channels of power and distributing them to the individuals. In the Panopticon, no one individual shall be granted too much power so as to place his or her own values upon the masses. The concept behind panopticism is the distribution of power in order to better society as a whole. The historical problems with power have proven, when it is unevenly distributed, those with the power take advantage and impose their values on the public.
In reality, the Party has failed by forcing people to... ... middle of paper ... ...of Nineteen Eighty-Four are not going to be forgotten any time soon. Psychological manipulation is quite possibly the most realistic of the themes. In conjunction with psychological manipulation is physical control. The Party is a totalitarian government and controls every aspect of life. Technology is yet another important theme.
If they wanted true and absolute power they must do so through influence and authority to avoid uprisings. 3. I believe the statement to be true as the party uses threats to control the people and if they did not do these things they would be out of power quite quickly as people would become aware that there really is no reason to keep following their rules. Their torture tactics which were used on Winston may be seen when O 'Brien states "You asked me once," said O 'Brien, "what was in Room 101. I told you that you knew the answer already.
Living in a society with limited freedom of expression is not, in any case, enjoyable. A totalitarian system is a good example of such a society, because although it provides control for the people, it can deny them a great deal of freedom to express themselves. The fictional society in George Orwell’s 1984 also stands as a metaphor for a Totalitarian society. Communication, personal beliefs, and individual loyalty to the government are all controlled by the inner party which governs the people of Oceania in order to keep them from rebelling. Current society in North America is much more democratic.
Propaganda also plays a central role within the Party's infrastructure and it is used to gain support for Big Brother, stir patriotism and induce hate towards the chosen "enemy" country. Workers in the Ministry of Truth work to change the past, making Big Brother seem to have always been right. Also, the Party seeks to stifle any individual or "potentially revolutionary" thought by introducing a new language, Newspeak, the eradication of English and the deployment of "Thought Police" who terrorize Party members by accusing them of "Thought Crime" (ie. to think a crime is to commit a crime). The introduction of this new language means that eventually, no-one is able to commit thought-crime due to the lack of words to express it.
Accordingly, there is danger in having an all-powerful state because personal freedoms are lost. More so, there is power in having knowledge that others do not possess because it is a gateway for the government to control the public if scientific and technological advances are been made. As mentioned before, governments prosper when there is stability and commodification is way of the government achieving that although it does alter human behavior. On the other hand, some would argue that modern society is based on democracy and a controlled state as depicted in Brave New World is impossible to occur but there are indicators in society today that serve as a resemblance. Brave New World emphasizes that the dangers of an all-powerful state, power of knowledge, and commodification are detrimental to modern society.