Geography: Facts About Ghana

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Ghana is a country in Africa that is native to 25 million people. It is neighbored by the Ivory Coast to the West, Togo to the East and Burkina Faso to the North. It is also bordered by the Gulf of Guinea to the south. It is about the size of Oregon and it’s religions include Christianity, Islam, and other Indigenous beliefs (Bbc news, 2013). Ghana has different climates in different parts of the country. Near the coast, there are tropical forests, in the middle there is a transitional zone where it then transitions into the savannah in the north where it is dryer and only gets one rainy season versus two in the south (Encyclopedia of the nations). Their major exports are gold, cocoa, timber, and many other products. Their GDP is $40.71 billion and their monetary unit is Cedi which in relation to one U.S. dollar, it is equivalent to .37910 Cedi (Bbc news, 2013).
Education for children is very important for Ghana to increase their GDP. Although there is a rate of 34% for child labor, school attendance is increasing. The system is set up for eleven years: two years of Kindergarten, six years of primary school and three years of Junior High School. There are certain programs that are helping Ghana achieve their Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of universal education. There has been an implementation of an incentive in some areas providing one hot meal a day for students who attend school. Also, there was a new education plan in 2007 that aims to provide free primary education by 2015 (UNDP, Ghana, 2012, page 3). Although this is a tough goal to meet, there has been a substantial increase in school attendance over the past decade which will improve Ghana’s human capital in the future.
Gender inequality is a huge problem in Ghana b...

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...m http://jia.sipa.columbia.edu/online-articles/roles-mother-child-rural-ghana/ Index mundi. (2013, December 6). Retrieved from http://www.indexmundi.com/ghana/age_structure.html (2012). Ghana. United States Department of Labor, Retrieved from http://www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/ghana.htm Oppong-Anane, K. (2001). Ghana. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/AGPC/doc/Counprof/ghana/Ghana.htm Benin, S. (2013). Revisiting agricultural input and farm support subsidies in africa. International
Food Policy Research Institute, Retrieved from http://www.ifpri.org/publication/revisiting-agricultural-input-and-farm-support-subsidies-africa-case-ghana Kwateng, Y. (2013). Natural resources depletion costs ghana $520 million annually. Retrieved from http://gh.chm-cbd.net/biodiversity/biodiversity-and-agriculture-85256/natural-
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