Genocide in Rwanda

opinion Essay
1436 words
1436 words

Genocide in Rwanda Raphael Lemkin coined the term "genocide" in 1944. According to Lemkin, genocide signifies the destruction of a nation or of an ethnic group and implies the existence of a coordinated plan, aimed at total extermination, to be put into effect against individuals chosen as victims purely, simply, and exclusively because they are members of the target group. This coordinated plan is committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. According to the United Nations' definition of genocide in their 1948 declaration of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, genocide is a crime under international law and classified as such: 1. Killing members of the group; 2. Causing severe bodily or mental harm to members of the group; 3. Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; 4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; 5. Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. Because a particular group is exterminated for existing on earth, genocide can also be classified as a crime against humanity. Men, women, and children are killed because of their specific bloodline. It does not matter if you are a frail elderly woman, newborn infant, or pregnant woman. All these people would be killed, and the pregnant woman would also be disemboweled to make sure that the fetus in her womb is dead as well. The idea is that anyone who carries that blood is eliminated. All in all, the specificity of genocide does not arise from the extent of the killings, nor their savagery or resulting degradation and infamy, but... ... middle of paper ... ... racism combined with power struggles, and violence can have deadly consequences. Another lesson to be learned is that powerful and elite nations may not always have the backs of third world countries in their time of trouble unless the powerful nations have something to gain from the third world countries. One very last and important lesson to be learned is that genocide is a serious matter and this should be evident to everyone in the world. It is a deadly crime against humanity and should never be taken lightly nor ignored. Unfortunately, and tragically, genocide was a recurring theme in the 20th century (occurred three times). However, now that we are in our 21st century, it is up to all the people of the world to preserve humanity and eliminate genocide altogether by ending all the racism, power struggles, and violence that currently surrounds us all.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that lemkin coined the term "genocide" in 1944. it signifies the destruction of a nation or of an ethnic group.
  • Explains that genocide can be classified as a crime against humanity because of its specific bloodline. it does not arise from the extent of killings, nor their savagery.
  • Analyzes how racism, power struggles, and violence led to genocide in rwanda between the hutu and tutsi populations.
  • Explains how the belgians made the tutsi the privileged group through indirect rule.
  • Describes how the belgian missionaries set up schools close to the hutus and encouraged their aspirations for political change. they became western-educated and christian-converted.
  • Explains how the belgians reversed their preferences and inverted the hierarchy. they decided to rule through the hutu, instead of the tutsi, because they were more educated and made up 85% of rwandan population.
  • Explains that the rwandan hutu president habyarimana was the key factor that led to the genocide. the peacekeeping force arrived in rwanda but the president's men had no intention of allowing him to implement the peace process.
  • Explains that the rwandan patriotic force (rpf) retaliated against president habyarimana's nonconformity with the peace deal. the hutu decided that it was the perfect time to implement their genocidal plan to eliminate the tutsi.
  • Explains that the rwandan radio station became "genocide central" after president habyarimana's death. the army and the united nations broadcast calls for calm and burundi did not explode.
  • Explains that the belgians should not have issued the identification cards to the hutu and tutsi before they arrived in rwanda. they were forced to stick to their tribe and became ethnocentric.
  • Opines that the genocide could have been prevented if the belgian government in rwanda didn't allow the hutu to use violence against the tutsi to maintain their power.
  • Opines that the genocide could have been prevented by eliminating the actions of the radio station, rtlm. the hutu extremists lost control and felt the need to implement their genocidal plan at once.
  • Opines that the genocide in rwanda could have been minimized by the clinton administration.
  • Describes the lessons to be learned from the rwandan genocide, including that racism, power struggles, and violence can have deadly consequences.
Get Access