Smith, J. M. (2011). The Fight Against GMOs. Share Guide, (114), 10-33. "20 Questions on Genetically Modified Foods."WHO. N.p., n.d.
Modern biotechnology can select a sequence of DNA for a specific genetic trait from a donor organism and transfer the sequence to the recipient organism so it expresses the desired trait. Genetic modification has become in... ... middle of paper ... ...edients. The public should research the products they consume and research GM products before ingesting them. Works Cited Haslberger, Alexander. Modern food biotechnology, human health and development: an Evidence-based study.
Annual Review of Resource Economics, 1. 665–693 Macek, T., Kotrba, P., Svatos, A., Novakova, M., Demnerova, K., & Mackova, M. (2008). Novel roles for genetically modified plants in environmental protection. Trends in biotechnology, 26(3), 146-152.
This wasn't the case when your parents or grandparents were kids. Yet, organically grown foods are put under strict scrutiny by the USDA and labeled “Organic.” Is America’s only option in purchasing foods that have not been genetically modified to buy Organics, which by definition cannot be produced with GE ingredients? This is a compelling and complicated topic in the Agricultural Biotechnology world with both positive and negative possibilities on either side of this issue. Through my discovery diving into the genetically modified world I begin to gain a better understanding for the reasons that began the "modified" food debate. I wonder, if through the creation of genetically modified foods, there is and will continue to be ample food supply to feed the world or are these the new designer food... ... middle of paper ... ...3_gmos-used.html>.
Miraglia M, Berdal KG, Brera C, et al. Detection and traceability of genetically modified organisms in the food production chain. Food Chem Toxicol. 2004;42(7):1157-80. 18.
Retrieved from http://responsibletechnology.org/gmo-dangers/health-risks/articles-about-risks-by-jeffrey-smith/health-risk-articles-landing Wohlers, A. E. (2013). Labeling of genetically modified food. Politics & The Life Sciences, 32(1), 73-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.2990/32_1_73
By 1996 the first GMOs were grown for public consumption and today GM corn, cotton, oilseed rape (canola), and soybeans are widely available to consumers in the United States (Federici 519). Widespread use and consumption of GMOs throughout the past decade has caused an increased level of concern over the safety of GMOs. These concerns have led numerous states in the past several years to consider legislation to implement mandatory GMO labeling requirements. I however, do not think there should be mandatory GMO food labeling in the US; there are not enough demonstrable benefits of mandatory labeling to make it an economically viable option. Those who argue in favor of mandatory labeling of GMOs cite safety concerns and a right to make informed decisions.
In order to understand the controversy of genetically engineered crops one must understand what genetic engineering or genetic modification is: “GMO are organisms that are generated by combining genes of different species using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology. Resulting organisms are then said to be transgenic, genetically engineered or genetically modified (GM). This group of organisms includes... plants.” (Celec et al., 2005) The genetic modification of crops and plants was created so that crops could, “... protect themselves against insects and disease, to feed and vaccinate people at the same time, to flourish in poor soil and drought, or to improve the quantity and bioavailability of individual nutrients.” (Roberts, Struble, McCullum-Gomez, Wilkins, 2006). These benefits may seem to outweigh the risks and in reality they do, however this does not mean the consumer should not be notified of the risks they are taking. The hallmark of our free society demands that the consumer be able to choose whether or not they want to eat something that may have health risks product labeling that identifies GMO ingredients allows for consumers to choose a particular product while ensuring that the producer feel more at ease with the way they disclose information and promote their product.
The term GMO or Genetically Modified Organism refers to an individual form of life in which the genome is changed or modified through genetic engineering. In other words, the DNA from an organism is modified in a laboratory and then inserted into another organism’s genome for the purpose of producing positive traits that would be useful, creating a new organism. This science of genetic manipulation has been utilized for many different purposes. One important area in which it is controversial is agriculture. Specific issues regarding this technology involve human and environmental safety as well as ethical and conservation concerns.
INTRODUCTION Genetic engineering (GE) or genetic modification (GM) are both terms used to describe methods “ to cut up and join together genetic material and especially DNA from one or more species of organism and to introduce the result into an organism in order to change one or more of its characteristics”. Genetic technologies in crops involve the use of GE to change the make-up of certain plants in order to improve their quality or quantity. This essay will critique the following inference that: For centuries human beings have used conventional techniques of selective breeding and cross-breeding of animals and plants to add desired characteristics and reduce or eliminate unwanted ones. New genetic technologies should be welcomed as providing more efficient, effective and controlled mechanisms for improving the quality and quantity of food which can be produced from limited resources of land. ARGUMENT FOR THE STATEMENT.