Genetically Modified Organisms And Food

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Genetically Modified Organisms/Food Matthew Low ID# 88178871 Public Health 1 Spring 2015 Dr. Zuzana Bic Public Health Problem A genetically modified organism is an organism whose DNA has been altered through genetic engineering for a more beneficial result. Genetic engineering allows for selective insertion of beneficial genes as well as selective deletion of disadvantageous genes. This process is completely different from the natural selective breeding process in which random segments of wanted and unwanted DNA to move between the same species when producing an offspring. Since this process is less efficient and more time consuming, the simplicity and ease of genetic engineering is favored. Genetic engineering is simple since the favored gene can be cut out of another organism’s DNA, grown in bacteria to make multiple copies of the DNA segment, then put into the organism of interest to now allow this organism to grow with the favorable gene. Examples of favorable genes are resistance genes, genes that help the organism grow, and any other gene that can be beneficial to the organism in their respective environment. Although many organisms have been modified, the organism that gets the most attention to modifications in society are crops. Genetically modified foods occur all over the world. Some countries require that the modified foods be labeled as such but others do not require any such labeling. The reason genetically modified foods are so popular around the world are the economic and environmental benefits behind it. Genetically modified foods can be modified for increased crop yields, less pesticide use, better food quality, and resistance to insects (Phillips, 2008). All these benefits le... ... middle of paper ... ...References Araki, Motoko, & Ishii, Tetsuya. (2015). Towards social acceptance of plant breeding by genome editing. Trends in Plant Science, 20(3), 145-149. doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2015.01.010 McHughen, Alan & Smyth, Stuart. (2008). US regulatory system for genetically modified[genetically modified organism(GMO), rDNA or transgenic] crop cultivars. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 6, 2-12. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7652.2007.00300.x Phillips, T. (2008). Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Transgenic crops and recombinant DNA technology. Nature Education, 1(1), 213 Acosta, L. (2014). Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms: United States. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/law/help/restrictions-on-gmos/usa.php Papademetriou, T. (2014) Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms: European Union. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/law/help/restrictions-on-gmos/eu.php
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