So why were GMOs created? The answer to that is simple, they wanted to make their crops durable. That means that they are genetically modifying their crops, giving them insect resistance, virus resistance, and herbicide tolerance. Now before getting any further into what is happening to crops, there needs to be some clarification on how GMOs are put into food and crops. Scientists use a method using what they call, a “gene gun.” How it works is a piece of gold (1 micron in diameter) is coated with GM (genetically modified) molecules.
When crops or plant are genetically modified by removing undesired gene on inserts desirable genes, the resulting germplasm is anticipated to allow plant breeders to respond more qui... ... middle of paper ... ...ger, J.,E. (2000). Releasing genetically modified organisms: will any harm outweigh any advantage. Journal of Applied Ecology. 37(2), 207-214.
Genetically Modified Organism was introduced to the public approximately fourteen years ago. Genetically Modified Organism was brought about through Plant Biotechnology, which has been researched for centuries. Farmers’ crops are everything to their business, and wanting to preserve their product is top significance. A solution to the numerous possibilities of hindrance genetically modified organism was spawned. Traditional breeding included different processes, such as sowing seeds from the resilient plants in order to produce a new generation.
In order to understand the controversy of genetically engineered crops one must understand what genetic engineering or genetic modification is: “GMO are organisms that are generated by combining genes of different species using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology. Resulting organisms are then said to be transgenic, genetically engineered or genetically modified (GM). This group of organisms includes... plants.” (Celec et al., 2005) The genetic modification of crops and plants was created so that crops could, “... protect themselves against insects and disease, to feed and vaccinate people at the same time, to flourish in poor soil and drought, or to improve the quantity and bioavailability of individual nutrients.” (Roberts, Struble, McCullum-Gomez, Wilkins, 2006). These benefits may seem to outweigh the risks and in reality they do, however this does not mean the consumer should not be notified of the risks they are taking. The hallmark of our free society demands that the consumer be able to choose whether or not they want to eat something that may have health risks product labeling that identifies GMO ingredients allows for consumers to choose a particular product while ensuring that the producer feel more at ease with the way they disclose information and promote their product.
Moon Wanki, and Balasubramanian Siva. “Public Attitudes toward Agro-biotechnology: The Mediating Role of Risk Perceptions on the Impact of Trust, Awareness, and Outrage.” Review of Agricultural Economics 26.2(2004): 186-208. Qaim Martin and Kouser Shahzad. “Genetically modified crops and food security.” PLoS ONE 8.6(2013): e64879
Scientists have been using biotechnology to implant the gene that makes the plants act the way they want them to. Genetically modified foods have advantages and disadvantages on the environment and advantages and disadvantages on society. We have to weigh the positives and negatives to see if genetically modified foods are healthy for us and if we really need them. Genetically modified foods have a huge impact on our environment. One way that genetically modified foods are hurting our environment is that process can involve the exchange of genes between two totally different species.
(2011). The History and Future of Genetically Modified Crops: Frankenfoods, Superweeds, and the Developing World. Journal of Food Law and Policy, 7. Kuiper, H. A., Kleter, G. A., Noteburn, H. P. J. M., and Kok, E. J. (2001).
The past twenty years have seen rise to a new burgeoning scientific field: genetically modified foods. During the plant breeding process, geneticists interfere with the reproduction and modify the genes of the new seedling by introducing a fragment of DNA from another organism that possesses the desired trait. With genetic modification, scientists can increase the pest, herbicide, cold, and drought tolerance so that the crop can survive in harsher climates. In some cases, the nutritional value can even be increased (Ulrich 9). Despite the obvious benefits of more nutritious foods and crops that are hardier and more resistant to harsher climates, there are some concerns surrounding GM foods.
It’s created by injecting genes/DNA into it so it could change how does the plant normally grown into GM Plants. A description of the inserted DNA, including any genetic rearrangements, deletions or truncations that may have occurred as a consequence of t... ... middle of paper ... ...isks of allergic reactions to biotech proteins in foods: perception and reality. Allergy, 60(5), pp.559--564. OECD, 2010. Consensus Document on Molecular Characterisation of Plants Derived from Modern Biotechnology.
Many of the flowers sold and bought in our society are mutations and mixing of genes. "The corn we eat today is the result of decades of· self-pollination followed by cross-pollination to produce vigorous hybrid plants" ("History" 3). For well over a century, playing with genes has given humans a more cost and space efficient means of mass-producing plants, whether that is corn, potatoes, strawberries or flowers. The National Research Council met in 1989 to discuss some concerns over field testing of GM organisms (GMOs). A report from the National Academy of Science said, "Crops modified by genetic engineering should pose risks that are no different from those of cops modified by classical genetic methods" (Hokanson 1).