Genetically Modified Foods

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Genetically Modified Foods During the last few decades, the field of genetics has been significantly advanced. One of these advancements is the understanding of how genes affect an organism. Through this understanding, geneticists have begun to alter the natural genes found in food. The altercation of genes in food has given these foods the name genetically modified. Currently, the affect of genetically modified food on humans and the environment is a controversial topic among geneticists and environmentalists worldwide. This paper examines the controversy surrounding genetically modified food in the United States and abroad. Introduction: During the last few decades, the field of genetics has been significantly advanced. One of these advancements is the understanding of how genes affect an organism. Through this understanding, geneticists have begun to alter the natural genes found in food. The altercation of genes in food has given these foods the name genetically modified. Currently, the affect of genetically modified food on humans and the environment is a controversial topic among geneticists and environmentalists worldwide. Genetically modified (GM) food is any food that possesses transferred genes from a different organism through the process of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering can be carried out in two separate ways. One route is specially designed for bacterial genes and is called the Bacterial Route. The second route is designed for viral and other eukaryotic genes and is called the Gene Gun Route (McInnis and Sinha, 2000). In the Bacterial Route, first scientists isolate the DNA for the desired trait. Then they splice in a gene for antibiotic resistance for tracking ... ... middle of paper ... ...e more responsibility in solving the mysteries of genetic engineering and be more open to scientific breakthroughs in the future. Bibliography: Butler, Declan and Reichhardt, Tony (1999). Long-term Effects of GM crops services up food for thought. Nature, 398, 651. Chase, Marilyn (1999). Should you worry about Health Risks From Biotech Food? Wall Street Journal, 234, B1. Culhane, Kari Watson (1999). Fare Warning. Natural Health, 29, 90. Krugman, Paul (2000). Natural Born Killers. New York Times, 149, A27. Maccilwam, Colin (2000). Rules agreed over GM Food Exports. Nature, 402, 473. McInnis, Doug and Sinha, Gunjan (2000). Genes: Genetically modified foods have already arrived on American diner tables. But are they safe? Popular Science, 256, 64. Whetton, Chris (1999). The Sleep of Reason. Hydrocarbon Processing, 78, 5.

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