One of the major ethical issues with genetic testing is gene therapy. Gene therapy can modify genes in a child. While being a new procedure and new technology being developed, it is rapidly developing. The question comes up whether if it ethical to genetically alter a child to make he or she better in the aspects of health, intelligence, etc. While gene therapy can help curing diseases, it can potentially be used for increasing intelligence, athletic ability, and attractiveness.
“Today some patients have their genomes sequenced to shed light on genetic diseases or illnesses like cancer, but one day people will not wait until they are sick, for they will already know the data at birth, says Arthur Beaudet. In this day in time scientist are testing out procedures in which parents will be able to alter their child’s genes. This means parents will have the will to create their child in a way they see fit. Although, this is a technological breakthrough for scientist, many obstacles stand in the way of widespread use of prenatal DNA sequencing. To understand prenatal DNA sequencing scientist must look into the genetic inheritance and DNA of the child, for the procedure itself it creates many positive and negative effects; for the uncertain parents they must look into the procedure and learn from genetic counselors which could be the best choice, not only does providing a genetic counselor endure genetic counselors prenatal DNA sequencing also requires tons of money alone.
The Christian Science Monitor magazine reported. “Recent technology has allowed scientists to be able to map the DNA of a fetus. This new technology might allow parents to prenatally change disease-causing genes or even pick certain characteristics they would like their child to have”. However, this new technology is making the society discuss about the ethical issues that involves genetic engineering. On the other hand, altering the human genome demonstrated that could help to prevent hereditary diseases, but it is used as to create "designer babies" with enhanced appearance, athletic ability, and intelligence is completely unethical and unnatural.
Designing babies is actually more of a general term as this covers lots of different areas within. There are a number of methods, which are described as designed babies. One is screening embryo to detect any genetic diseases that is present in the child. Once they find the faulty genes they can modify them so that the child is born healthy and doesn’t have to worry about the disease or passing it on to its own offspring. The same technique is also applied to detect and modify embryos with unknown diseases that could prove to be very dangerous.
As technological advancement grow, scientists begin to speculate the realistic doing of human cloning, as this happens opposing groups and organizations raise their voice against it and create the question whether scientists should be allowed to clone humans, the promise of cloning at any level can revolutionize the world, and change it for the better, but are we are not ready for human trials. If successful, cloning can have a lot of positive technological advancements that would help humanity. Dolly, the first cloned mammal, inspired many scientists to speculate a new era in cloning technology and raise hopes for future probability in which human cloning was possible. At the center of the controversy, surges the closest thing to a clone that lives a healthy and regular life, identical twins. The promise of cloning at any level can revolutionize the world, and change it for the better, but are we really ready for human trials?
In this method, an embryo that has been created in a laboratory, using an egg and sperm from the prospective parents, is screened for the genetic disease that the parents are concerned about. Any embryos that are revealed to either carry the gene, or actually be affected by the disease are rejected from the pool of acceptable embryos. The embryos that are free from the disease of concern are then available to be implanted into the mother. The second main technique involves an embryo that was conceived through natural means and is in utero. In that case, an amniocentesis is done to remove cells from the developing fetus.
The movie Gattaca explores some important bioethical issues that are currently the focus of much dispute. The underlying thematic issue presented is the question of the extent to which biologically inherent human potential determines the true potential of a person. Perhaps the most controversial issue in Gattaca is the use of genetic engineering technology in humans to create a more perfect society; this is, essentially, a new method of Eugenics. Another related issue seen in the movie is that of pre-natal selection. Through the use of the same or similar technologies, parents are able to choose the characteristics with which their children will be born.
In the fast-paced, ever growing world of genetics, we as a responsible society must take time to scrutinize the new technologies from both ethical and scientific standpoints. The questions we are to answer are both difficult and morally challenging. One such question involves embryo diagnosis. Is it morally correct to pick and choose which embryos are genetically acceptable? On the other hand, how ethical is it to allow a child to be born with a terminal disease, when technologies at hand could have prevented such pain?
(What are the benefits of genetic testing? cancer.org para 1) Genetic Screening is also very good when planning to have children. A couple will be able to know of a genetic condition Homan 2 they may carry, which may be passed down to their future children. During a pregnancy, women may also be able to test their unborn babies to see if they would be affected with the disease. Knowing this will allow them to prepare for w... ... middle of paper ... ...et an abortion.
This is done by slipping a healthy gene in the cells of one organ of the patient. (Begley) Parents of this fetus can then decide on the procedures that will be done on their baby to cure him/her. Not only will the parents of the baby prepare for the surgeries but they can prepare themselves emotionally. This is helpful because during labor the parents will not be in shock when told that their child has complications. Older pregnant women who usually have more complications during pregnancy benefit from genetic screening.