Genetic Conservation of Plants

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Genetic Conservation of plants offers many potential benefits to diverse groups of people. These benefits have led to the expansion of genetically modified crops. In response to public concern about these developments, governments around the world are creating regulations to manage the risks associated with the release of genetically modified crops into the agricultural systems. Genetically modified crops have increased dramatically in recent years and have sparked concern over health and environmental effects. Genetic modification is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genome using biotechnology. The benefits and risks of any particular genetically modified crop depend on the interactions of its ecological functions and natural history with the ecosystems it occupies. Debates have risen among environmental advocates about both the safety and danger of genetically modified organisms. We, however, believe that these organism are a part of our life now and support their usage, as long as the consumer is aware of its existence.

Historically conservation genetics, “the application of evolutionary and molecular genetics to biodiversity conservation (Frankham, 1920)” have been used to preserve animal populations. Genetic diversity is fundamental to biodiversity and is thus important in its conservation. Conservation genetics have been used to minimize inbreeding and loss of genetic diversity in populations such as the bighorn sheep of Nation Bison Range wildlife (Gompert, 2012). Translocating populations to introduce genetic variation consequently introduces more biodiversity through breeding. The translocation sustained a larger gene pool for genetically modified animal species. An example of this includes that of the Salmon. “Fa...

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...s for desired traits have instead genetically modified plants.
To conclude, genetic engineering helps enhance agricultural efficiency, raises the amount of crops as well as the ability of crops to survive, reduces the amount of food needed to be grown and the space needed for it to grow, as well as many other helpful things. However, not everyone sees these modifications as good things. Some critics worry about the technological uncertainties of genetic engineering and the effects that the foods will have not only on humans who consume them, but also the environment in which they are grown. Critics fear a loss of biodiversity by extinction of species, but generally most Americans are not aware of how prevalent genetically modified food is in our society. While we do agree with we realize that there is a problem and by labeling it could help reduce that problem.
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