Gender inequality in Afghanistan

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Unequal treatment of individuals based on their gender is called gender inequality and it is characterized by man’s dominance and regarding of women and as inferior and less valuable beings because of their sex. It is diverse and widespread all over the world with Asia being the most affected continent. It can be classified into different classes which are demonstrated in different ways. First, there is an economic gender inequality which is demonstrated by women contributing less than men in the formal work sector; thereby, being more likely to live in poverty. Secondly, political gender inequality which entails low representation of women in elected offices, political and corporate appointments. Thirdly, social gender inequality which is demonstrated by women being the victims of domestic violence and sexual assault, inequalities in education attainment, lack of freedom to marry and divorce, and unequal access to health care. Lastly, demographic gender inequality is evident in cases where women are never given the chance to be born or live due to fetucide and infanticide; hence, men outnumber women by large numbers (Lorber 2010:4). This research paper focuses on gender inequality in Afghanistan where women have faced all forms of inequalities for a long time as a result of the countries believes and norms. It will highlight the causes, current state of gender inequality in Afghanistan and measures taken to eradicate the injustice as well as challenges faced.
Historical overview: Gender inequality in Afghanistan stems from cultural beliefs and was worsened by the Taliban regime. Afghanistan women are oppressed, discriminated and marginalized beings whose rights have been violated for a long time. The biggest challenge ...

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... the last years after Taliban fall. Although the process of implementing the new constitution is slow many organizations have been formed to help fight these inequalities and are yielding positive results with many recommendations being given to the government and international bodies on how to eradicate gender inequality and promote gender equity in Afghanistan.
Men believed that they were superior to women and owned them thereby oppressing and treating them as their servants while on the other hand women believed in the men’s ideas and as such could not do anything against them an aspect that led to severe gender inequality which was later aggrieved by Taliban. Customary law practiced back then in all ways supported the injustices and for a long time women in Afghanistan were exposed to economic, political, social and demographic gender inequalities.
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