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Gender and the Rates of Cancer

comparative Essay
616 words
616 words
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Cancer is very prevalent in America. It is one of the many diseases still left without a cure. Men and women all the around world are affected by this disease as it continues to spread. There are many different types of cancer that impact both men and women such as pancreatic, lung, breast, skin, and many more types of cancer. Bailar and Gornik say that despite decades of basic and clinical research and trials of promising new therapies, cancer remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality (1997). Whether you are male or female, cancer has the ability to terminate any one’s life. Since cancer is such a strong disease, many questions arise. One question is are females more prone to worry about cancer than males? Do males have higher rates of cancer than women? You can make a prediction that women are prone to worry more about cancer than men because women are more emotional. You also can make a prediction that men are more likely to have higher rates of cancer because they do not go to the doctor as often as women. The variables of these research questions reflect the information collected in the HINTS survey because the data consists of all different types of variables such as nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio. So gender is an example of a nominal variable because it is a symbol or label to identify a category. The rates of cancer would be considered to be ordinal because it would follow a certain order. Methods Are women more prone to worry about cancer? A research conducted on women who survived cancer showed that only 27% of women are less likely to give birth (Hartman & Liu, et al, 2013). That means 73% of women are strong enough to take the risk of birthing a child even with a chance of the cancer coming back or aff... ... middle of paper ... ...be having the male and females take a survey with a list of questions related to the main research questions. You can expect for the results to be randomized and have unique statistical results. Women may not be more prone to worry about cancer and men may not have the higher rates of cancer. The results are displayed below. References Bailar, J. , & Gornik, H. (1997). Cancer undefeated. New England Journal of Medicine, 336(22), 1569-1574. Hartman, M. , Liu, J. , Czene, K. , Miao, H. , Chia, K. , et al. (2013). Birth rates among female cancer survivors: A population-based cohort study in sweden. Cancer, 119(10), 1892-1899. Ma, J. , Siegel, R. , & Jemal, A. (2013). Pancreatic cancer death rates by race among us men and women, 1970-2009. Jnci-journal of the National Cancer Institute, 105(22), 1694-1700. (2014). HINTS: About HINTS. http://hints.cancer.gov/about.aspx

In this essay, the author

  • Concludes that even though women are more emotional than men, they are still fighters and take risks. the question remains whether men have higher rates of cancer than women.
  • Explains that hints data was collected by a survey that provides changing patterns, needs, and information opportunities in health.
  • Explains that the variables were collected from the hints dataset. the variables selected were "are you male or female" and "in general, i depend on numbers and statistics to help me make my decision on health."
  • Explains that they used spss version 18 to calculate their data and ran an anova test to find that the two variables weren't significantly related to each other.
  • Explains that the proposed method of statistical assessment will be having the male and females take a survey with questions related to the main research questions.
  • Explains that cancer remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality despite decades of basic and clinical research and trials of promising new therapies.
  • Cites bailar, gornik, hartman, liu, czene, miao, chia, and ma, j.
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