Integrating scripting theory with the compulsory heterosexuality theory, a heteronormative, dominant sexual script was explicated, the Heterosexual Script (Sorsoli; Collins; Zylbergold; Schooler & Tolman 2007 p. 145-157). Traditionally, societies have encouraged both men and women to obey different sexual scripts (Laws and Schwartz 1977). This heterosexual scripts has been commented to be extremely gendered as well as breeding gender inequality (Pascoe 2007) and this essay aims to depict the means in which it is gendered along with its influences towards men and women in Western’s
The normalization of heterosexuality forces coercive archetypes onto all sexual identities. For example, the “gay” stereotype typically assumes a man to be frail and flamboyant, and assumes gay women to be manly and butch. Often, people do not fall into these categories by accident. Solomon was forced to “learn gay identity by observing and participating in a subculture outside the family” (Solomon 370). He learned his role and his label by looking to others to know how to be “be gay”.
Society believes that homosexual men are attracted to femininity and that homosexual women are attracted to masculinity in their partners. So in the society of same-sex relationships it is believed that gay men and lesbians are fascinated with the opposite gender of the person. This is once again social context having an influence on sexual identity and sexual orientation. Sexual orientation is influential to the western cultures because sexual identity is linked to gender. When it comes to sexual identity in a relationship a strict distinctive rule must be confirm between male and female.
Through the Eyes of a Travesti The dominant conceptualization in contemporary U.S society is that people place certain behavioral expectations based on a person’s sex. People identify themselves in various forms. If I were a Travesti I would argue that my identity is actually formed by my sexuality not by the physical features I was born with. Being a Travesti I would adopt all forms of feminine qualities and even styles but would not identify as a women or wish to change my genitalia. Taking that all into consideration I would view the sexual subjectivity of Latina girls, people whose identities don’t match their behavior: ex-lesbians and straight white males and the varied sexual identities of transgender and transsexual people in society as cases that I can relate to in some respect but differ when it comes to actual identity in each.
Gender roles are widely accepted societal expectations about how males and females should behave (Rathus, 2010, pg. 447). Gender roles create a difference in the way that masculine and feminine behaviors are accepted among society. Gender roles are often depicted as just a part of who a person is and help better define the difference between male and female. When society begins to use these gender roles as norms we often see those who don’t fit into the correct role become ostracized by society.
Many believe sex and gender are the same but in reality they differ greatly. Gender takes in consideration what groups deem as normal behavior for a male and female. But sex is what your body parts consist of, your reproduction organs and a penis or vagina (Henslin, 2015, p. 291). You come into this world with a sex, but the world around you influences whether you choose to express yourself in a feminine or masculine way. Where you are in the world impacts what you and your society view as correct behavior for men and women.
Our social roles that we performed in our everyday life is what help us determine the sex role that we will take in life. Butler explain this notion as the socially constructed gender were many females perform gender related actions that builds into the determination of the gender roles/sex. Butlers argues the notion that sex is a norm in addition she mentions that sex is no more that a natural category that is established by ... ... middle of paper ... ...Some examples that she mentions in her readings are related against the discrimination towards gays and their performances being out of the norm and create for other individuals to attack and their sexual preference. Butler tries to find similarities with both heterosexual and homosexual in order to show the similarities that these two groups have in the subject of desire.
The creation of gender expectations by society creates a restricting definition of gender roles and sexuality that vary from culture to culture. Society created the role of gender and created an emphasis on the differences between the two genders. Alma Gottlieb states: “biological inevitability of the sex organs comes to stand for a perceived inevitability of social roles, expectations, and meanings” (Gottlieb, 167). Sex is the scientific acknowledgment that men and women are biologically different; gender stems from society’s formation of roles assigned to each sex and the emphasis of the differences between the two sexes. The creation of meanings centers on the expectations of the roles each sex should fill; society creates cultural norms that perpetuate these creations.
Many people think that the way men and women communicate is determined by our sex, which is defined as the way we were created biologically. While others tends to think that communication differences between the men and women are because of our gender which is the way society has brought us up to think that men are to talk one way, an women another. West and Zimmerman explain it as” Gender is not something we are born with, and not something we have, but something we do” (qtd. Eckert and McConnell-Ginet 10). Men and women communicate differently not because it is a biologically encoded in our DNA but because society moles us to act upon our biological difference.
Bem, S.L. (1993). The lenses of gender: Transforming the debate on sexual inequality. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press In this book, leading theorist on sex and gender Sandra L. Bem discusses how hidden molds in our cultural discourse, social institution, and individual minds support male dominance while oppressing women and sexual minorities. She explains her lenses of gender, which shape perceptions of social reality and also more physical things – like unequal salary and insufficient daycase – that establish social reality itself before she presents her theory of how cultural gender lenses are shaped and influence either the adaptation of conventional gender identity or the resistance of conventional gender identity.