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There is a need for researchers in public heath to be dexterous in research methodology by moving beyond the limits of one’s discipline and gaining skills in a spectrum of approaches available and probably use a blend of methods so as to effectively conduct research (Daly, 1997). As such, I will be discussing Ethnography and Participatory Action research approaches relevant to multidisciplinary public health. I will examine their theoretical and epistemological basis and reflect on their strengths and weaknesses. Re... ... middle of paper ... ...h-related action research, British Medical Journal, 320: 178 - 181 20. Parkins, P. (2009) managing change in healthcare: using action research.
Second opinion: An introduction to health sociology (4th ed.). Victoria: Oxford university. Gustafson, D. L. (2005). Transcultural nursing theory from a critical cultural perspective. Advances in Nursing Science , 28 (1), 2-16.
Gender is what makes men and women different in the way that they behave. Gender is also what gives men and women their different identities within the society, which is usually seen as femininity or masculinity (Blunt and Wills, 2000). However, ‘sex’ can usually be mistaken for ‘gender’ and mostly be identified as men and women. What distinguishes ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ is that ‘sex’ is the biological anatomical identification of men and women, where as ‘gender’... ... middle of paper ... ...7) women and health in Robinson and Richardson, D (1997) introducing women`s studies, London: Macmillan Purdy, M and Banks, D (2001) The sociology and politics of health: A Reader, Routledge Press Annerdale, E and Hunt, K (2001) Gender inequalities and health, Buckingham open University Press Bury, M(2005) Gender, sex and health, Cambridge polity press Payne, S (2006) the health of men and women, Cambridge , Polity Doyal, L (2000) Gender equity in health; debates and dilemmas, social science and medicine 51;6 Bird, C.E and Rieker, P.P (2008) Gender and health : the effects of constrained choices and social policies, Cambridge University Press Giddens, A and Sutton, P.W (2010) 3th Ed, sociology, Cambridge polity press Walsh, M., Stephens, P and Moore, S (2005)Social Policy and Welfare, Cheltenham, Stanley Thrones Publishers Ltd
Finally the answer below will show how the media also portrays gender inequality and how it affects the people in society. Sex and gender are terms that are mixed up from day to day and seen as similarities rather than differences. Sex is what distinguishes people from being either male or female. It is the natural or biological variations between males and females (Browne, 1998). Some of these variations are genitals, body hair and internal and external organs.
The purpose of this essay is to firstly give an overview of the existence of inequalities of health related to ethnicity, by providing some evidence that ethnic inequality in health is a reality in the society and include definitions of keywords. Secondly, I will bring forward arguments for and against on the major sociological explanations (racial discrimination, arefact, access to and quality of care) for the existence of health inequalities related to ethnicity. Thirdly, I would also like to take the knowledge learnt for this topic and brief outline how this may help me in future nursing practice. First of all, it is important to consider the whole aspect of ethnicity as it has other elements such as race and culture which goes along side this concept. Barry and Yuill (2008, p128) both state that ethnicity is “a common cultural heritage that is sociology learned and constructed”.
Young Males, Modern Society, and Drug Use To understand the use of drugs by young men and to review the literature in a coherent framework it is necessary to begin with an understanding of the term 'gender'. Gender is said to mean more than just male or female. Rather it is a description of the traits and attributes which society ascribes to each sex. Gender is distinguished from sex in that sex refers to biology, whereas gender refers to the cultural meanings and social constructs that are superimposed on the biological differences between the sexes. That is, gender is socially constructed.
Oakley, A. From Walking Wombs to Test Tube Babies. In: STANWORTH, M. (ed) (1987) Reproductive Technologies: Gender, Motherhood and Medicine. Polity Sailly (1980) cited in Cunningham-Burley S. & McKegany, N. P. (eds) (1990) Readings in Medical Sociology. Scambler, G. (1991) Sociology As Applied To Medicine (3rd ed.)