Gender, Sexual, And Gender Identity

2006 Words9 Pages
For many individuals, sexual and gender identity is a highly controversial topic to discuss. Those who have inconsistency with their internal or mental sense of gender compared to their physical gender is now described as a psychological disorder and is found amongst adults and adolescents. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders gender dysphoria also known as gender identity disorder refers to the stresses that accompany with the variances between one’s physical gender they were assigned at birth and one’s expressed or emotional gender (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Gender dysphoria can be contributed to many different stressors determined by ones social interactions. Throughout the years the diagnosis of gender dysphoria has evolved due to the progression of medicine and new treatment discoveries to help limit further mental issues that come with sexual identity disorders.
Gender dysphoria was not really identified as disorder until the early 1960’s when the first Gender Identity clinic was established by Dr. Robert Stoller (Reicherzer, 2008). Stoller maintained a theory of core gender identity challenges that resembled an altered version of Freud and that was the libido is primarily masculine. Freud had the opinion that both girls and boys, starting at birth, associated themselves little boys and were only altered based on environmental influences (Peterson, 2014). Stoller’s inverse opinion against Freud was a precursor to studies of gender and sexual disorders all over. Stoller identified three main components that construct the core gender identity, being able to distinctively develop a sense of being male or female by the second year of life: establishing biological...

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