Gender Roles: Athens Vs. Sparta

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Gender Roles: Athens Vs. Sparta Essay Two city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, seemly should be the similar as they belong to the same region, but due geography, the city-states of Greece have vast similarities and differences across the entire civilization. Greece was stationed upon a mountainous peninsula that just out in the Mediterranean Sea and the land was useless, as it lacked any natural resources, so culture grew along the sea and climate. With the ocean they had access to travel and trade fro any resources and the climate allowed for a new type of living, outdoor living. With outdoor living came a new government, (limited) democracy, first seen in Athens around 500 BC and it created equilibrium between the rich and…show more content…
In Athens, the women had very little freedom and were expected to remain out of sight and silently raise their chidlren. As they were not considered to be citizens, they had no politcal opinion and were rarely educated. If they were luck enough to be educated, they would have been from a wealthy family; while most other girls learned from the other female household members on how to be a good housewife. Athenian women were raised and treated this way because male Athenian children needed to be raised right by their mothers in order to vote well in the government and, at the time, women were believed to have been less intelligent than males. But differing from the Athenians, Spartan women were tough and had more freedom. Women in Sparta even controlled the family and estate when the men were gone and showed their children tough love by saying, “Come back with your shield or on it,” meaning be victorious or die trying. Women may have even received physical training, not to go to war but so that they could defend themselves and produce strong babies that could fight and defend Sparta. Yet, like the Spartan and Athenian men, the women had similarities as well. Athenian and Spartan were both expected to have children for the state, as it was their job in society. Although Spartan women had more freedom, both were treated as second class citizens, Athenian women were not even considered citizens, and were unequal to
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