Pam Leo stated, “Let’s raise children that won’t have to recover from their childhood”. Research continues to prove that marital discord in families with children leave a lasting impact on their offspring. Studies have shown that children who witness their parents arguing are negatively affected psychologically and behaviorally. In young children, how they regulate their emotional state and peer interactions seems to suffer the most from parental conflict. Adult children have a hard time recovering later in life if they grew up in a frequent hostile environment.
The Nuclear Family Replaced the Extended Family After Industrialisation Talcott Parsons believed that the nuclear family developed mainly as a result of industrialisation. He thought that before the industry took over the functions of the family, the families were extended units of production. This means that the work and home lives were combined and so each family member taught another one skill for life such as education. Parsons says that the extended family stayed together so they could provide health care for one another and look after the old people whilst the old people looked after the young children whilst the parents were out working. They also pursued justice on behalf of one another; if one family member were hard done by, all the other family members would help sort it out.
446). First, gender contributes to how a person will develop themselves in life. This is the “individual level”. At an interactional level, men and women face different expectations that are set by society. The individual and interactional level are linked because sometimes, changes to one level can affect the other.
Anthropologists view gender as a cultural and social construction due to societal norms and one’s socialization. Society ultimately shapes gender which is performed by an individual. There are many different cross-cultural perceptions of gender, and the relationship it has to the symbolic and social order of things. Different cultures view gender in various ways, which is linked to social and symbolic factors within the society. Gender not only exists as male and female, as there are many cases of transgendered and asexual individuals.
Whereas, from birth, children are assigned a gender and are socialized to confirm to certain gender roles based on their biological sex. For example, society can create gender roles based on norms, or standards. Needless to say, masculine roles according to society are based on charcterictics like strength, aggression, and dominance, whereas, feminie roles are associated with being passivity, nurturing, and
This “context” also includes the cultural background of both the speaker and the interpreter. From my perspective, gendered words gain their meanings from various sources, which include both the intentions of the speaker and the interpretations of the hearer. The gendered meanings of words and phrases originate from the cultural background of both the listener and the speaker. One of the ways culture and gender relate is through language. Culture is integral in defining gender roles because different cultures divide their languages, or words and phrases, into gender
A divorce can affect the traditional family dynamic in a multiple ways, including the relationship between children and their parents. The relationship between adolescent children and their parents in post-divorce families is often strained as a result of poor communications. Research indicates that a high degree of conflict between former spouses is one of the strongest detrimental influences on children and parent–child relations (Afifi & Schrodt, 2003). Two key behavior phenomena that can be observed in adolescents, in respect to their relationship to their divorced parents, are “feeling caught” as a mediator and inappropriate parental divorce disclosures. It has been suggested that, because older children have developed cognitive maturity, parents tend to rely on their adolescent offspring to provide support and advice, resulting in increased pressures and responsibilities (Wright & Maxwell, 1991).
Gender structure is learned by gender socialization, as people are pushed into different avenues of life, leading to different attitudes and behaviors. Most people in their life think, behave, and feel certain ways to follow the guidelines or what is considered to be the norm in their culture regarding men and women. This can be in relation to gender social institutions, whither it be from race, religion, culture, peers, or one’s surroundings. Gender structure is made up by how one acts, dresses, and their demeanor. Roles of men and women can be learned from childhood.
There are many risks that teenagers take when they decide to have a child at a young age. The baby, as well as the parents, may face long-time problems from the pregnancy. These problems may include school failure, poverty, and physical or mental illness. Babies born to teenagers are at greater risk for neglect and abuse than those of a woman. Teenage mothers may feel like they are being demanded to do the job and they may take their frustration out on the child (When 2000).
This type of societal situation places parents in a state of Economic incapacity to fully support their children. These parents lack the necessary resources to facilitate the development of their children thereby exposing them to the vices of society. The high social and economic costs of teen pregnancy and child¬bearing can have short- and long-term negative consequences for teen parents, their children, and their community. Through recent research, it has been recognized that pregnancy and childbirth have a significant impact on educational outcomes of teen parents. These immediate and long-lasting effects continue for teen parents and their children even after adjusting for the factors that increased the teen’s risk for pregnancy—e.g., growing up in poverty, having parents with low levels of education, growing up in a single-parent family, and having low attachment to and performance in school.