However one side, Devor, focuses primary on the idea that societal expectations are the major contribution as to how one should act based on their gender. On the other hand, Blum, focuses on how the scheme behind gender identity is based on biological relations, but she doesn’t completely disagree with Devor’s point to a certain extent. It’s proven that it takes both biology as well as society to determine an individual’s societal gender role, which results to a qualification of Blum’s argument overpowering Devor’s.
Physical anthropology “is in large part, human biology seen from an evolutionary perspective” (Jurmaln, Kilgore & Trevathan, 2011). By this statement, I believe the authors mean that physical anthropology studies human biology with an evolutionary viewpoint rather than a scientific or medical viewpoint. Anthropology, as a broader science, is concerned with and studies human culture and the evolutionary aspects of human biology. Since culture affects human beings and human beings affect culture, the two are intertwined, and it therefore, makes sense to study them together. There are other types of anthropology (cultural anthropology, applied anthropology, archeology, forensic anthropology, and linguistic anthropology), but physical anthropology is the specific area that focuses on the biological link between humans and their culture.
Gender theorists and researchers analyze gender partly to understand the perpetuation of inequality and propose changes to diminish inequality. A central question researchers explore is whether challenges to gender inequality need to occur at the interactional or institutional level. The status characteristic and doing gender approach investigates power, agency and change within social interactions. Gendered organizational theories examine power, agency and structure within institutions. Each approach shifted research and theory on gender in interactions and institutions, and challenged the notion that gender is static.
For example, this might encourage more women to apply for an executive position that has only been given to men in the past. The impact that disparate treatment has on businesses is vastly underrated. As stated previ... ... middle of paper ... ...at they and their children can have better lives. Furthermore, this reinforces the idea that the rule of law against disparate treatment helps the national GDP grow as these people bring in more labor and human resources which grow the economy. These people bring with them their culture and new ideas, enriching the United States with a cultural diversity and even more innovation.
These projections suggest a socially constructed definition of sex and gender, and therefore, can lead to more discussion on how gender and sex are a cycle of social construction and biological determinism. This cycle discussion can continue by looking at Oyewumi's work, when she talks about how society and biology affect each other. If we see that biology does not play a role in defining gender universally, then there has to be other factors that define what it is. These two authors come together in their critiques of the biological binary by acknowledging its presence, but also adding more ways to look at sex and gender.
Paid parental leave is associated with higher employment in economies around the world (Covert)”. Finally, paid paternity leave comes with a variety of benefits for companies, children, and families that cannot be gotten with paid maternity leave alone. As we can see, fathers should have paid paternity leave because it boosts family relationships, it can empower men as fathers, it gives fathers time for adjustment, and it boosts the economy. When fathers take paternity leave, it can lead to better outcomes for their children and the family as a
In countries such as India and China there is an increase of anti-female bias (BBC Ethics Guide, 2014). Female infanticide is the deliberate killing of female babies mainly due to an imbalance of the sexes in these countries. Economically males are more valuable females. Males earn more than women and they are more employable, thus they are less likely to be killed. In many countries parents depend on their children to care for the in their old age.
Finding a simple or concrete definition of gender maybe near impossible. Gender roles are what men and woman learn and internalize as the way they are supposed to act. These roles are commonly thought of as natural rather than a construction of culture. Gender is thought to flow from sex, rather then being a matter of what the culture does with sex. This theory is widely and exhaustively debated, according to Wood “Sex is based on biology; Gender is socially and psychologically constructed” (Wood 19).
Explaining Diversity The history of humanity has shown that the influences of a select few, charting their ideas of what is right and wrong, pure or dirty, black or white may all influence cultures; but these principles do not follow a certain direction. Rather, with the continuance of culture through time, the principles have diverged human experience into thousands of different cultures. In Biology as Ideology, the argument of genetic determinism arises; ones genetic makeup and other biological factors are the main determinants of individual behavior. This theory is greatly reliant on a culture looking for a direct cause and effect relationship between the genetic makeup of humans and social ability. Like this belief, the Origin Myth in Malanowski's "Magic, Science, and Religion" explains how a certain Indonesian culture, namely the Trobrianders, explains their creation by using stories, experience and presentation.
In order to answer the question I would like to explain in brief the value of gender and the ways it represents the body in the society. The term “Gender “and “Race “is by now used so frequently in academic discussions. While sex differences are rooted in biology how we come to understand and perform gender is based on culture. As it is said by ( Byers & Dell ) that we always view culture “ as a process through which people circulate and struggle social relations, and therefore, our selves. “ and on the other hand Race has no longer been seen as a biological type.