Gender Pay Gap Analysis

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The gender pay gap occurs in the earnings between working men and women. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) defines the pay gap as the difference between male and female earnings expressed as a percentage of male earnings.(1) A similar definition by The European Commission defines the gap as the difference between men’s and women’s pay, based on the average difference in gross hourly earnings of all employees.(2) In other words, it is how much women are paid less than men for doing the same job. According to the U.S. Department of Labor report in 2014, the current pay gap between men and women working full-time, year-round in the United States stands at 82 percent of what men make. (3) This means that female full-time workers are paid 82 cents for every dollar their male counterparts make. Thereby, creating a pay gap of %18 between the two genders. Pay Gap Over Time: Women in the United States started to join the workforce noticeably during WWII. In the early 1940’s, women were flocking into war industries’ factories replacing men and doing the same jobs their husbands and male counterparts did. There were also at the time, women working in the service sector, education, as well as in the medical sector as nurses. Nonetheless, the 19th century represented a significant era for women education. Women college-level education was witnessing an immense shift. More women were completing their college education and earning bachelor degrees. However, in spite of women improving their education and becoming more qualified to occupy better jobs and work side by side with their male coworkers, they were still earning less than their male colleagues. This wage gap can be tracked back to 1963 when President Ken... ... middle of paper ... ...ation. Men in the United States had earlier access to college education than women. It was 200 years from the time Harvard opened to the year where the first college to admit women was opened. Not to mention the number of women attending college did not become equal to men until as recent as 1980.(11) This huge gap of education in favor of men, had a salient effect on the time women entered the work market and became qualified to occupy highly-skilled jobs. However, today women surpassed men in their educational attainment. According to a Pew Research conducted in 2013, 38% of women have a bachelor’s degree, compared with 31% of men. Additionally, women are more likely than men to be enrolled in college (45% vs. 38% in 2012).(12)diagram pew research Despite the great progress in education women have made, the gap of wages still exists at almost every academic level.
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