Bohner, G., Chiroro, P., Jarvis, C. I., & Viki, G. T. (2004). Rape myth acceptance and rape proclivity. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(4), 427-442. DOI: 10.1177/0886260503262081 This journal article explained research involving individuals who accept rape myths and their proclivity to rape. Those who believe rape myths to be true are more inclined to rape, according to the findings.
Sexism Discrimination based on gender and the stereotypes has been going on for several of years, whether if one knew it or not. One huge issue that this world is still dealing with is sexism. People think that since this behavior has been going on for a while, that it shouldn’t be taken seriously. Ever since feminists started to stand and speak up, sexism is not treated as bad as racism. Individuals believe that sexism no longer exist because women have their “rights;” sexism does exist and, in fact, it is one of the worst flaws of modern society.
Gender stereotypes have damaged communities by backing people into a corner. Both genders should be treated equally because there is something they have in common, having humanity. Gender roles have been defined and it seems almost impossible to shift the scale of the role for men and women. Men are supposed to be strong and women are supposed to be fragile. Michael Kimmel said when asking young women what they think it means to be a woman, they give him a puzzled look, and basically say whatever they wish.
Sexual violence is perceived as a gendered crime of power. The law claims that rape is a crime. However, when rape cases are brought before the legal system, they are hit with the allegation of “rape myths” and the victim’s legitimacy is questioned and undermined by legal representatives and jurors; thus the public. This has resulted in rape being the most under reported crime. The aim of this paper is to examine the reasons why society blames the victims rather than the perpetrators and to explore why they commit sexual violence offences.
Annotated Bibliography- Rape Rape: sexual assault of an individual or group that is not consented for. McGylnn C, Munro Ve, (2010) Rethinking rape law: an introduction. Rethinking rape law international and comparative perspectives. USA:Routledge, 18 - 30. The introduction chapter 'Rethinking rape law' addresses an analytical overview of rape laws throughout a range of jurisdictions.
Men are just as much to blame for rape as women. Rape is not uncommon in the history of the world. The Rape of Dinah in the book of Genesis is one of the first accounts in existence that talks about rape. The Rape of Lucretia was the indirect cause behind the overturning of the Roman monarchy in 510 BC, leading to the establishment of the Roman republic. Sexual violence is as much a part of human history as anything else; the only difference is that rape and its sister crimes have always been shrouded in different shades of gray.
However, the difference in violence prevalence, and preparation or approach of the crime varies distinctly based on the type of perpetrator. Thus, the discrepancy between the categories of serial and single-victim perpetrators could prove helpful to further create usable profiles for law enforcement, identify motivating factors, and assist in the development of effective treatments for predators. Although the crimes are similar in finality, the variable distinctions are as vast as the assailants. As of January 1st, 2013, the Federal Bureau of Investigation changed their standard and definition of rape as a crime. : The old definition was “The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will... ... middle of paper ... ... Schlesinger, L. B., Pinizzotto, A. J., & Davis, E. F. (2008).
The categorizations of rape, sexual harassment, and pornography as forms of violence are problematic in themselves because they do not capture the reality of sex. In fact, much of intercourse is about violence (MacKinnon p. 268), in the way that power and dominance are extremely eroticized, thus to say “rape is violence” is a misnomer. MacKinnon brings one’s attention to the construction of rape, which separates rape from intercourse based on the amount of force applied (p. 268). This definition is especially legitimate in the legal system, which derives solely from a male point of view: it is called rape when there is penetratio... ... middle of paper ... ... sabotages the subject-object relationship. To display an autonomous, free willed being will dismantle the taken for granted passivity and vulnerability of the victim.
Throughout her essay, Estrich makes a distinction between classic rape and simple rape. She defines the former as aggravated rape by a stranger, and the latter as rape by a date or acquaintance. Estrich focuses on simple ... ... middle of paper ... ... although it can be used to hurt, it can also be used to bring aid and information to those in need. Imposing limits on freedom of expression would dampen our nation’s uniqueness and suppress the voice of the people. Her idea that pornography acts as sex and can therefore be banned because it is no longer speech is ludicrous and rash.
This problem of internalized sexism continues in our modern society. Prescriptive female stereotypes and assumptions of inferiority are sustained by other women and continue to postpone equality. From patrilineal societies came the creation of social norms for what is accepted and expected in gender roles (David). These ideals have been reinstated in the most familiar creation stories, in government policies throughout history, and are now being continued in camouflaged customs like benevolent sexism. Some women are contributing to the discrimination against themselves and other women.