Gender Inequality : A Sociological Issue

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The actions of individuals, the way people dress, the colors people like and what people do are all based on an individual’s gender, and display a notion of inequality between both genders. From birth, both genders are divided and treated differently. Gender inequality continues to be a sociological issue as it has been a concern all around the world for centuries. Gender inequality is the unequal treatment or views of people based on whether they are female or male. This form of injustice arises from the perception of gender roles that are enforced into society as gender norms. These particular norms, expectations and discernment against genders and their assigned stereotypes negatively impact society as a whole, causing inequality and struggles in society. As result of this behavior, social inequalities are construed within different portions in societies. The female status is overall smaller than males in education institutions and workplace environments. This is a result of the stereotypes and gendered norms that are socially constructed. This paper will argue that although societies around the world continue to evolve and develop, the under representation of women in the various fields of science and engineering is becoming more of a controversial issue facing a variety of standpoints all around the world. This will be examined through the discussion on the challenges and reasons for underrepresentation. This paper will further explore the cross-cultural differences in the status of women emphasizing on how the status of women in science may vary from culture to culture due to their norms and values, along with how the social culture of mass media also has an impact. Finally, this paper will then demonstrate the steps that ca... ... middle of paper ... Therefore, an individual’s family influences a woman’s decision on her future (Shah 2011: 10). The mother and father have the ability to influence a child’s entire belief system along with other close relatives. The perceptions that parents have on their children’s interests are essentially responsible. Some cultures do not approve or allow for a female to act on her masculine pursuits. Women who grew up with masculine interests and were allowed to act on those interests differed from the women who were traditionally feminine. Due to the gender norms developed in society, families also believe that a career in engineering will be unreceptive and undesirable for women as they are considered to be more of male occupations. Gender differences contribute a significant role in families restraining females to pursue careers in science and engineering (Shah 2011: 12).
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