Gender, Gender And Gender Identity

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From a very young age, children are taught the basics: letters of the alphabet, standard colors on the color wheel, happy from sad, and girl from boy. Following this distinction of boy from girl, often times there are numerous socialization events which occur throughout a child 's life. Whether conscious or not, the interactions that a child has with other individuals, and even with their environment, pose novel and reinforcing indications of the idea that their sex is culturally tied to specific gender characteristics. With this being said, it is important to realize that many fail to come to terms with the idea that biological sex is completely independent of gender identity. A multitude of gender roles are socialized into thousands of cultures across the world, often times without establishing an open dialogue for those in the population. One point that remains true is the fact that there are differences between an individual 's sex and gender, and often times these dynamics can manifest in social issues, such as female genital mutilation.
Without a doubt, many truly believe that one 's biological sex is invariably tied to specific gender characteristics, as if these qualities are encoded in X and Y chromosomes. The inability to consider gender characteristics as distinct from biological sex is rooted in the fact that from birth, a child is socialized into the gender role that is paired with their biological sex. Of course, these gender roles may differ from culture to culture, but what remains constant is the early process of socializing a child into a restrictive gender role based on whether they are male or female. Crespi (2014) elaborates on this phenomenon by explaining that gender polarization has segmented men and wome...

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...With this being said, it is important to note that although there are apparent social benefits to FGM, there are no health benefits associated with the practice. In fact, there are serious health complications associated with FGM. Shock, hemorrhaging, and even death are frequent consequences of cutting. Even if a child 's genital scars heal and the procedure is successful, FGM can still cause serious psychological damage to the girl once she grows older. Unfortunately, female genital mutilation has become ingrained in millions of women 's lives as a part of their cultural gender identity. FGM presents as a problem in thousands of societies today, due to the fact that it forces women to mutilate their bodies in order to be accepted into a society which strictly regulates their cultural gender. As for their male counterparts, they are not held to the same expectations.

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