Gender Equality And Gender Inequality

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Discussions of Nigeria gender equality in recent times have focused on steps taken towards putting women in their proper prospects. In the past, each gender had clearly defined roles and the issue of gender conflict never arose. The extent of gender inequality had been hidden for so long that its seriousness in the present time of Nigeria is now attracting international attention. The 2012 Gender in Nigeria Report recently shows that gender inequality not only exists in the country, but at highly worrying levels. There is a lack of gender balance in the economy, education, politics, health, access to justice and almost all areas of human development. Gender inequality in Nigeria is an epidemic that continues to disadvantage women and girls throughout the area. Although, the last century saw some advances towards gender equality, gender inequality is still highly prevalent in Nigeria due to defined roles and unequal distribution of power between men and women. These roles are structurally and culturally defined in ways, which perpetuate male domination and superiority and female subordination. The paper aims at throwing light on gender discrimination through the inequalities that women face in health. The two major inequalities in health that will be examined are pregnancy related deaths and HIV/AIDS. These are the two leading causes of gender inequalities that occur in Nigeria, which show how Nigeria needs solutions. Moreover, the paper will suggest strategies for promoting effective gender equality and empowerment of women. Nigeria has one of the worst maternal mortality rates in the world with “one woman dying every 10 minutes during delivery” (Abara 2012). That is 545 deaths per every 100,000 successful deliveries. Also, a w... ... middle of paper ... ...d obligations in all areas of their existence. Equality between men and women can only exist when both sexes are able to share equally in the distribution of power and have equal opportunities for financial independence through work, enjoy equal educational opportunities and opportunity to develop a personal ambition. Hopefully, solutions can occur soon, so that pregnancy related deaths and HIV/AIDS could lessen. You can see how HIV/AIDS and maternal deaths are still very present in today’s world. Gender inequality has undoubtedly been a driving force in the spread of HIV/AIDS and will continue to do so until traditional notions of the roles of men and women are overhauled. As whilst, the 'blame culture ' placed towards women continues, the HIV/AIDS epidemic will be remain feminized and sub-Saharan African women will still find themselves faced with overt prejudice.
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