In order for an utterance to mean something, it has to be used. Gendered words, in particular, are extremely reliant on communication because, through the interpretation of the listener, the intentions of the speaker, societal norms, and cultural norms, seemingly arbitrary words obtain gendered meanings because they demonstrate qualities that the particular society or culture associates with a certain gender. Although it is possible to argue that either speaker intent or hearer interpretation is the sole origins of gendered adjective meanings, I disagree. I believe that the cultural backgrounds of both the listener and the speaker, combined with the context in which the words are used, and the way they are said, make up the origins of the gendered meanings of words and
Therefore, this gender variance in conformity is not absolute, but rather characteristic of the society, culture and time in which one develops. Thus, it is clear that when taking an individual stance, one’s gender plays an extensive role in said individual response to social pressures, and thus their predisposition towards conformity. Additionally, social media has the power to reinforce gender stereotypes, furthering the gap between males and females in modern society, and thus influence their rates of
Stereotypes refers to the perception aspect of feeling targeted towards a given group of people. It is the image society captures in their minds about other people. The problem, is that sometime that picture is not an accurate depiction of reality. Stereotypes hold the notion that people of a certain community or group have to exhibit specific traits, which in general has a huge influence on their behavior. Stereotypes in relationship with gender, refers to a specific trait to which males and females are attached to, and such traits define and differentiate these genders.
Gender Stereotypes exist because of constructs that allow for constant reinforcement. First of all, in order to get away from the notions of stereotypes, one must examine gender as something that is not universal or static. Notions like the fully masculine man or feminine female are not possible. The reason being that masculinities and femininities varies across cultures. Not only that, but it is possible for them to change over time.
Performance is how we act in regard to our identities. We speak and talk in defining ways. Performances such as dressing and speaking, although seemingly mundane and everyday occurrences in society, are in fact, profoundly impacted by gender roles. Gender roles are ideologies and concepts that have been associated with specific genders, such as skirts for females and cologne for males. Populations perform in particular ways to fit the gender roles of the dominating society around us, and in doing so propel the roles continuation.
Many works on the topic indicate that gender-specific linguistic behavior is a social practice which is based on gender identities and power relations (Eckert & McConnell-Ginet, 1992; Bruckmüller, Hegarty & Abele, 2012). This paper aims to examine how gender differences are manifested in linguistic behavior. It focuses on the way men and women speak rather than that they are spoken about. Their speech differences in politeness, interaction, style and confidence are socialization practices which connote the power inequality between the two sexes. Examples of genderlects will be presented, and possible explanations from different perspectives will be evaluated before making a reasonable conclusion on the issue.
Wardhaugh riases questions about sexist language and guides readers to look closer at how people use language differently because of their own gender in daily life. According to the Whorfian hypothesis, which indicates that the way people use language reflects their thoughts, different genders adapt different communication strategies. Wardhaugh states different social norms defining the standards of being men or women, which has a profound influence on the language behavior shown by different genders. In other words, both men and women should possess the ability to show either masculinity or feminity through the language they use. When this ability overlaps with the other gender, however, one might be considered as as outsider of their own gender.
These differences in socialisation have led to a larger gap between males and females in terms of conformity, which further propagates these trends within society. Additionally, this greatly alters the way in which the genders are perceived in the surrounding culture and environment, affecting the gender roles of a particular society. Furthermore, those who are more likely to conform, in this instance the female gender, are more susceptible to the process of socialisation. As such, these people who conform more often tend to develop similar attitude, beliefs, habits, interests and values systems of the culture, society, and environment in which they
With changes in gender roles, pervasiveness of gender stereotype results in a sense of guilt, resentment, and anger when people are not living up to traditional social expectations (Firestone, Firestone, & Catlett, 2006). Furthermore, people can hold gender stereotype in pre-reflective level that they may
Morphological variations in these words are gender markers: actor versus actress, congressman versus congresswoman, policeman versus policewoman, comedian versus comedienne, etc. In conclusion, when trying to understand the effects of language one will find that it can serve as the structure of a society as well as determine the ways in which individuals are viewed and valued within that society. In this case, the social construction of gender are responsible for the differences in women's linguistic behavior and how it relates to their secondary place in the male-dominated world. Because of such distinguished roles, different linguistic strategies are acquired by female and male subcultures in culture and social organization.