Gender And Conflict Theory And The Gender Pay Gap

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The gender pay gap is defined as the difference between median earnings of men and women relative to median earning of men. It can be measured in three different ways: by how much they earn an hour, by how much they earn in a week and by how much they earn on a yearly basis. The gender pay gap is a social issue since it affects women, who make up approximately 50% of our population. Women of minority groups are affected more strongly by the gender pay gap since they earn even less than Caucasian women. Those women can even earn ,on average, 0.50$ for every dollar a man would make. Conflict theory holds that power lies at the core of all social relationships and is unequally divided and that the powerful maintain their control through the…show more content…
30). The wage gap is relevant to this theory seeing as it is the competition between men and women over limited resources, in this case, money and holds the social order maintained by male domination, rather than a consensual agreement between the two parties involved. Conflict theory sees the gender pay gap in a negative light. They perceive this as a financial benefit that men have due to living in a male-dominated society. Through time, men have always been in power. Men of higher-power (e.g. CEOs, bosses) were the ones to establish annual income of their employees. Obviously, men would not give themselves a lesser salary than women, as that would be undermining themselves and women have always been subordinate to men in different parts of society (e.g. the household and the workplace). This is due to the belief that women are to be dependent on men for wages. This belief comes from the fact that women, a few centuries ago, used to be housewives and did not earn a salary and were financially dependent on men to survive.…show more content…
They mention discrimination in the article by mentioning that “the pay gap is even larger for women who are minorities, Aboriginal, newcomers, or women living with disabilities”. Functionalists would be against the argument made by conflict theorists. They are a part of this social hierarchy and paying them more would definitely disturb the social order. In addition, the wage gap can also be seen as unfair since “10 to 15 percent of the wage gap is due to discrimination”, which is something that a conflict theorist would say. In the entirety of the article, there is only one fact that supports a functionalist’s perspective since they explain that “many reports have attributed the gap between men’s and women’s salaries to mothers taking time off for childcare in their career-building years”. However, it is rebutted since women who have specialized themselves in university still have a 6.6 percent gap between themselves and what their male colleagues earn. The solutions encourage a conflict theorist’s perspective. They are “encouraging diversity from the youngest age possible” so that young girls know have an idea that math, business or science are an option they have. Promoting diversification goes against functionalism seeing that they want to keep the social order and leave people where they are in the social hierarchy (Zamon, “The Gender Pay Gap In Canada Is Twice The Global
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